McHughen A. 2000. Pandora’s Picnic Basket: The Potential and Hazards of Genetically Modified Foods. New York: Oxford University Press.


NAAB (National Association of Animal Breeders). 2000. Breakthroughs in Biotechnology: Research Equips Producers with an Array of Genetic Improvement Tools. Online. Available at http://www.naab-css.org/education/biotech.html. Accessed February 17, 2003.

Notter DR. 1999. The importance of genetic diversity in livestock populations of the future. J Anim Sci 77:61–69.

NRC (National Research Council). 2002. Animal Biotechnology: Science-Based Concerns. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.


Patnaik RS, Louie S, Gavrilovic V, Perry K, Stemmer WPC, Ryan CM, del Cardayre S. 2002. Genome shuffling of Lactobacillus for improved acid tolerance. Nat Biotechnol 20:707–712.

Pina A, Calderon IL, Benitex T. 1986. Intergeneric hybrids of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Zygosaccharomyces fermentati obtained by protoplast fusion. Appl Environ Microbiol 51:995–1003.


Rexroad CE. 1994. Transgenic farm animals. ILAR J 36:5–9.

Rowland GG, McHughen AG, Bhatty RS. 1989. Andro flax. Can J Plant Sci 69:911–913.

Rowland GG, McHughen AG, Hormis YA, Rashid KY. 2002. CDC Normandy flax. Can J Plant Sci 82: 425–426.


Sanford LL, Kowalski SP, Ronning CM, Deahl KL. 1998. Leptines and other glycoalkaloids in tetraploid Solanum tuberosum × Solanum chacoense F2 hybrid and backcross families. Am J Potato Res 75:167–172.

Sears ER. 1956. The transfer of leaf rust from Ae. umbellulata to wheat. Brookhaven Symp Biol 9:1–22.

Sears ER. 1981. Transfer of alien genetic material to wheat. In: Evans LT, Peacock WJ, eds. Wheat Science, Today and Tomorrow. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 75–89.

Sebastian SA, Chaleff RS. 1987. Soybean mutants with increased tolerance for sulfonylurea herbicides. Crop Sci 27:948–952.

Seidel GE Jr. 1984. Applications of embryo transfer and related technologies to cattle. J Dairy Sci 67:2786–2796.

Steenson LR, Klaenhammer TR. 1987. Conjugal transfer of plasmid DNA between Streptococci immobilized in calcium alginate gel beads. Appl Environ Microbiol 53:898–900.

Swanson EB, Couman MP, Brown GL, Patel JD, Beversdorf WD. 1988. The characterization of herbicide tolerant plants in Brassica napus L after in vitro selection of microspores and protoplasts. Plant Cell Rep 2:83–87.


UPOV (International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants). 2002. General Introduction to the Examination of Distinctness, Uniformity, and Stability, and the Development of Harmonized Descriptions of New Varieties of Plants. Online. Available at http://www.upov.int/en/publications/tg-rom/tg001/tg_1_3.pdf. Accessed December 12, 2003.


Zimnoch-Guzowska E, Marczewski W, Lebecka R, Flis B, Schafer-Pregl R, Salamini F, Gebhardt C. 2000. QTL analysis of new sources of resistance to Erwinia carotovora ssp. atroseptica in potato done by AFLP, RFLP, and resistance-gene-like markers. Crop Sci 40:1156–1167.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement