Townsend, P., and Davidson, N. 1992 The Black report. In P. Townsend, M. Whitehead, and N. Davidson, eds., Inequality in Health: The Black Report and Health Divide. London, England: Penguin.

U.S. Bureau of the Census 1996 Money Income in the United States: 1995. Washington, DC: U.S. Bureau of the Census.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 2002 Healthy People 2010. Available:

Williams, D.R. 1999 Race, socioeconomic status, and health: The added effect of racism and discrimination. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences 896:173-188.

Wilson, W.J. 1996 When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor. New York: Alfred Knopf.

Winkleby, M., D. Jatulis, E. Frank, and S. Fortmann 1992 Socioeconomic status and health: How education, income, and occupation contribute to risk factors for cardiovascular disease. American Journal of Public Health 82(6):816-820.

Wright E. 1997 Class Counts. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement