To develop non- and minimally invasive technologies, particularly for the determination of muscle metabolism, hydration status, and cognitive function.
To develop motion sensors that are inexpensive but more convenient and reliable than current pedometers and accelerometers.
To conduct research to validate the use of self- (and peer-) assessment tools (e.g., the Borg 6–20 rating scale of perceived exertion) in the field as indicators of fatigue and cognitive ability.
To continue research on the use of NIRS to monitor muscle oxygenation and deoxygenation, intramuscular pH, and skin hydration status concurrently. This particular technology also has the potential for detecting the occurrence of inflammation.
To develop simple field-friendly tests for urine specific gravity as an indicator of hydration status.
To develop a practical method of monitoring body-weight change in the field.
To conduct research to be able to mount or integrate high impedance EEG and ECG electrodes in helmets or into combat clothing. Although this technology will soon make it possible to continuously record brain activity, heart-rate data, and other electrophysiological parameters, some remaining challenges limit its use in the field.
NRC (National Research Council). 2001. Opportunities in Biotechnology for Future Army Applications. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.