electronic publishing technology into traditional publishing business. Early on, he recognized the advantages of automating prepress and manufacturing work, including editorial, production, and typesetting functions, and successfully integrated the entire digital work flow at Aster Publishing Corporation in the mid-1980s. He also was responsible for automating publishing processes, creating SGML/XML/HTML-encoded content, and delivering products electronically in the early 1990s for American Health Consultants (a Thomson company). In addition to his publishing experience, Mr. Tibbitts worked for several years leading health care software development for two other Thomson information technology holdings, DKD and The Medstat Group. He developed systems sold to leading hospitals and clinics in the United States, integrating clinical and financial informatics, applying clinical best practice with performance optimization concepts drawn from evidence-based, disease-staging, case management, and JIT fields of learning. Throughout his career, Mr. Tibbitts has driven organizations toward the leading edge of technology’s application in disseminating information. With Blackwell, he plays a major role in the development of all corporate technology initiatives, including Web-based content development. He has worked in executive positions for Aster Publishing, Advanstar, and The Thomson Corporation. Mr. Tibbitts received a B.S. in computer science and an M.B.A. from the University of Oregon.

Mary Waltham* is a publishing consultant. She was most recently president and publisher for Nature and the Nature family of journals in the United States, and formerly managing director and publisher of The Lancet in the United Kingdom. She founded her own consulting company four years ago. Its purpose is to help international scientific, technical, and medical publishers to confront the rapid change that the networked economy poses to their traditional business models, and to develop the new opportunities to build publications that deliver outstanding scientific and economic value. Ms. Waltham has worked at a senior level in science and medical publishing companies across a range of media, which include textbooks, magazines, newsletters, journals, and open learning materials. She served on the NRC Committee on Community Standards for Sharing Publication-Related Data and Materials.

Ann Wolpert became director of libraries for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in January 1996. She oversees this distributed library system, which consists of five major collections, five smaller branch libraries in specialized subject areas, a fee-for-services group, and the Institute Archives. As of January 1999, her position expanded to include reporting responsibility for the MIT Press, which publishes approximately 200 new books and more than 40 journals per year in fields related to science and technology. Recently, Ms. Wolpert also assumed oversight of Technology Review, MIT’s magazine of innovation. Ms. Wolpert’s institute responsibilities include membership on the Committee on Copyright and Patents, the Council on Educational Technology, the Campus Plan Steering Committee, the Deans’ Committee, and the President’s Academic Council. She chairs the Management Board of the MIT Press, serves on the OpenCourseWare Interim Management Board, and is cochair of the Internal Review Committee for Financial Systems Services and Information Systems. Prior to joining MIT, Ms. Wolpert was executive director of library and information services at the Harvard Business School. Her experience also includes management of the Information Center of Arthur D. Little, Inc., where she additionally engaged in consulting assignments. More recent consulting assignments have taken her to Adelphi University in New York, to the campuses of INCAE in Costa Rica and Nicaragua, and to the Malaysia University of Science and Technology, Selangor, Malaysia. Ms. Wolpert is active in the professional library community. She currently serves on the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) Board of Directors and is a member of ARL’s Scholarly Communication Committee and of its Internet2 Working Group. She also serves on the Board of Directors of the Boston Library Consortium. In addition, she is a member of the editorial boards of Library & Information Science Research and The Journal of Library Administration. A frequent speaker and writer, she has recently contributed papers on such topics as library service to remote library users, intellectual property management in the electronic environment, and the future of research libraries in the digital age. Ms. Wolpert serves on the Board of Trustees of Simmons College. In 1998 she was elected to the National Network for Women Leaders in Higher Education of the American Council on Education. She received a B.A. from Boston University and an M.L.S. from Simmons College.

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