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Appendix C: OMB Circular No. A-16, Revised May 6, 1967 The Bureau of the Budget (now the Office of Management and Budget) issued Circular No. A-16 in 1953. This Circular described the responsibilities of fed- eral agencies involved in surveying and mapping activities. Appended to this Circular were Exhibits, occasionally revised, that dealt with such items as classification and standards of accuracy of geodetic control surveys and pro- cedures for programming and coordination of federal topographic mapping activities. In 1967, Circular No. A-16 was revised, delegating responsibility for aspects of surveying and mapping to various federal departments. The con- tents of the latter Circular are given on the following pages. 78

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Appendix C May 6, 1967 EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT BUREAU OF THE BUDGET WASHINGTON, D.C. 20503 TO THE HEADS OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND ESTABLISHMENTS SUBJECT: Coordination of surveying and mapping activities 79 CIRCULAR NO. A-16 Revised 1. Purpose. This revised Circular describes the responsibilities of Federal agencies with respect to coordination of the Federal surveying and mapping activities described in paragraph 2, below. It rescinds and replaces Circular No. A-16, dated January 16, 1953. Exhibits A, B. C, and D to that Circular will remain in effect until replaced pursuant to paragraph 4 of this Circular. 2. Coverage. The coordinating procedures established by this Circular extend to all surveying and mapping activities financed in whole or in part by Federal funds which: a. Can contribute to the National Topographic Map Series of the United States and outlying areas of sovereignty and jurisdiction, the National Atlas of the United States of America, the National Networks of Geodetic Control, or such other national geodetic control and topographic mapping programs as may be established; or b. Result in cartographic representation of international boundaries other than those of the United States with Canada or Mexico. Surveying and mapping activities conducted or supported by a Federal agency to meet specific program needs of the agency which are not met by the na- tional surveying and mapping programs specified in paragraph 2a above and which cannot practicably or economically contribute to the national pro- grams are excluded from coverage. Determination of the surveying and map- ping activities which are required to meet program needs is the responsibility of the program agency. However, evaluation of the potential contribution of those activities to a national surveying or mapping program should be made by such agency in consultation, or pursuant to a general agreement, with the responsible agency as described below. 3. Responsibility for coordination. a. The Department of the Interior is responsible for the National Topo- graphic Map Series of the United States and outlying areas of sovereignty and

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80 FEDERAL SURVEYING AND MAPPING: ORGANIZATIONAL REVIEW jurisdiction and for the National Atlas of the United States of America. It also operates the Map Information Office, which collects and furnishes to potential users information concerning aerial photography, topographic map- ping, and survey data available from Federal agencies for general use, and the sources from which they may be obtained. In carrying out these functions the Department exercises Government- wide leadership in assuring coordinated planning and execution of its national topographic mapping, National Atlas, and map information activities and the cartographic activities of other Federal agencies related thereto, including ac- tivities financed in whole or in part by such agencies, to the end that: (1) The topographic mapping, National Atlas, and map information needs of Government agencies and the public at large are met in the most expedi- tious and economical manner possible with available resources; (2) All mapping activities financed in whole or in part by Federal funds contribute to the national topographic mapping program when it is practica- ble and economical to do so; and (3) Aerial photography, topographic mapping, and survey data produced by Federal agencies are conveniently accessible for use in meeting the carto- graphic needs of other Federal agencies and federally assisted programs. The Department will also arrange, through periodic meetings or other ap- propriate means, for an exchange of information among Federal agencies con- cern~ng technological developments in civilian agencies with respect to carto- graphic activities. b. The Department of Commerce is responsible for the National Networks of Geodetic Control and publishes status maps of geodetic control which meet the standards for inclusion in the national networks. In carrying out this function the Department exercises Government-wide leadership in assuring coordinated planning and execution of its national geodetic control surveys and the related survey activities of Federal agencies, including activities financed in whole or in part by such agencies, to the end that: (1) The geodetic control needs of Government agencies and the public at large are met in the most expeditious and economical manner possible with available resources; and (2) All surveying activities financed in whole or in part by Federal funds contribute to the National Networks of Geodetic Control when it is practica- ble and economical to do so.

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Appendix C c. The Department of State exercises Government-wide leadership to as- 81 sure that cartographic representations of international boundaries, other than those of the United States with Canada or Mexico, by all Federal agencies are consistent and conform to United States foreign policy. 4. Establishment of coordinating mechanisms. Each agency named in para- graph 3 above will, in consultation with other Federal agencies concerned, establish such standards, procedures, interagency agreements, and other mechanisms as are necessary to carry out its Government-wide coordinating responsibilities and to replace, where required, Exhibit A, B. C, or D of this Circular. 5. Responsibilities of other Federal agencies. Each Federal agency is responsi- ble for (a) cooperating as requested in the development of appropriate coordi- nating mechanisms; (b) supplying necessary information to the coordinating agency concerning its cartographic requirements, programs, activities, and products; and (c) conducting its surveying, mapping, and product distribution activities in a manner which provides effective Government-wide coordination and efficient service to the general public. 6. Differences among agencies. Any major differences which cannot be re- solved through consultation among agencies with respect to the coordination of cartographic activities covered by this Circular may be referred by the head of any agency concerned to the Director of the Bureau of the Budget. PHILLIP S. HUGHES Acting Director ,