came a physical education teacher at the Brooklyn Ethical Culture School, a private school that accepted Bob and his sister as students.

Bob recalled that as he became more and more secure at this school, he became progressively more mischievous. After each of these episodes his mother would receive an angry report from one of his teachers. Finally his mother decided that he should be transferred to a public school. Even though Bob did well academically in this public school, and actually skipped a semester, he was very resentful because his sister lavished in the private school.

During his grammar school years the section of Brooklyn in which Bob lived was very safe. His family gave him the freedom to travel anywhere in the city that he wished to go. During his boyhood years, organized activities, such as Little League baseball, basketball, and soccer, did not interest him. Instead he participated in the popular neighborhood street activities, such as stickball, roller-skate hockey, touch football, and stoopball. He was an aggressive athlete and had a fervent desire to win. He was frequently embroiled in fistfights over trivial disagreements with his playmates, and he often returned home with a black eye or a bloody nose.

During the summers of his grammar school years his activities and surroundings were entirely different. His family rented a small cottage in the countryside near Albany, New York, for the entire summer. The cottage had no electricity, running water, or indoor toilets. Nearby were a small lake and a riding academy. During the summers Bob spent most of his daylight hours at the stable, cleaning the horses and stalls, feeding and watering the horses, and teaching horseback riding.

When Bob was ready to enter high school, he elected to attend Boys High School. This was the school that his fa-



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