lem affecting our economy. There is interconnectedness and it is necessary to take a more global view of the total cost and impact on the environment.

Integrated Source Approach for New Facilities

Dan Askenaizer, of Montgomery, Watson, and Harza, was curious about whether industrial clients building new facilities are requesting that an integrated resource approach be incorporated up front in the design of this new facility.

Dr. Davé said that it is not the normal or standard practice. It occurs more on a sporadic basis, especially by the people who are putting in a new desalination plant in a refinery. In one case, resource management was implemented from the design phase because the cost of water was very high. They actually built a desalination plant along with the refinery so they had an integrated approach.

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