Rice T. 2003. The impact of cost containment efforts on racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare: a conceptualization. In: Smedley BD, Stith AY, Nelson AR, eds. Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Pp. 699–721.

Rosenbaum S. 2003. Racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare: Issues in the design, structure, and administration of federal healthcare financing programs supported through direct public funding. In: Smedley BD, Stith AY, Nelson AR, eds. Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Pp. 664–698.


Sambamoorthi U, Walkup J, Olfson M, Crystal S. 2000. Antidepressant treatment and health services utilization among HIV-infected Medicaid patients diagnosed with depression. Journal of General Internal Medicine 15(5):311–320.

Santerre RE. 2002. The inequity of Medicaid reimbursement in the United States. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy 1(1):25–32.

Schackman BR, Goldie SJ, Weinstein MC, Losina E, Zhang H, Freedberg KA. 2001. Cost-effectiveness of earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy for uninsured HIV-infected adults. American Journal of Public Health 91(9):1456–1463.

Shapiro MF, Ware JE Jr, Sherbourne CD. 1986. Effects of cost sharing on seeking care for serious and minor symptoms. Results of a randomized controlled trial. Annals of Internal Medicine 104(2):246–251.

Shapiro MF, Morton SC, McCaffrey DF, Senterfitt JW, Fleishman JA, Perlman JF, Athey LA, Keesey JW, Goldman DP, Berry SH, Bozzette SA. 1999. Variations in the care of HIV-infected adults in the United States: results from the HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study. Journal of the American Medical Association 281(24):2305–2315.

Sloan FJ, Cromwell J, Mitchelle, J. 1978. Private Physicians and Public Programs. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath and Co.

SSA (Social Security Administration). 2004. Supplemental Security Income (SSI): Understanding Supplemental Security Income If You Are Disabled or Blind. [Online]. Available: http://www.ssa.gov/notices/supplemental-security-income/text-disable-ussi.htm [accessed February 3, 2004].

Stone VE, Mansourati FF, Poses RM, Mayer KH. 2001. Relation of physician specialty and HIV/AIDS experience to choice of guideline-recommended antiretroviral therapy. Journal of General Internal Medicine 16(6):360–368.


Tuller D. 2001, November 6. HIV practices face grim financial times. The New York Times. p. F6.

Turner BJ, Fleishman JA, Wenger N, London AS, Burnam MA, Shapiro MF, Bing EG, Stein MD, Longshore D, Bozzette SA. 2001. Effects of drug abuse and mental disorders on use and type of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected persons. Journal of General Internal Medicine 16(9):625–633.


Valdez RO. 1986. The Effects of Cost Sharing on the Health of Children. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.

Valenti WM. 2002. The HIV specialist improves quality of care and outcomes. AIDS Reader 12(5):202–205.


Westmoreland T. 1999. Medicaid and HIV/AIDS Policy: A Basic Primer. Washington, DC: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.

Wong MD, Andersen R, Sherbourne C, Hays RD, Shapiro MF. 2001. Effects of cost sharing on care seeking and health status: results from the Medical Outcomes Study. American Journal of Public Health 91(11):1889–1894.


Zuger A, Sharp VL. 1997. ‘HIV specialists’: the time has come. Journal of the American Medical Association 278(14):1131–1132.

Zweben JE. 2000. Severely and persistently mentally ill substance abusers: clinical and policy issues. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 32(4):383–389.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement