pelling models for the mechanisms underlying memory formation in the mammalian central nervous system. Dr. Madison received his Ph.D. in cellular biology from the University of California, San Francisco and continued his postdoctoral research there.

Janet D. Rowley is the Blum-Riese Distinguished Service Professor of Medicine at the University of Chicago Medical Center where she has spent her entire professional career. Her research focuses on the cytogenetic analysis of cells from patients with leukemia and preleukemia conditions. This analysis is performed using standard techniques as well as more sophisticated techniques such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and spectral karyatyping (SKY), Recurring translocation breakpoints are cloned to identify the genes involved in the translocations. Cloning these breakpoints provides new tools for the more precise diagnosis of the genetic changes in leukemia cells. Dr. Rowley received her M.D. from the University of Chicago. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine and is a recipient of the National Medal of Science.

Gerald M. Rubin is Vice President for Biomedical Research at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. He is also Professor of Genetics at the University of California, Berkeley, and Adjunct Professor of Biochemistry and Biophysics at the University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine. He has held faculty positions at Harvard Medical School and the Carnegie Institution of Washington. Rubin is known for his studies on transposable elements, for the elucidation of the molecular basis of hybrid dysgenesis and for the development of genetic transformation of Drosophila with the aid of P element vectors. He received his Ph.D. degree in molecular biology from the University of Cambridge, England. Dr. Rubin’s postdoctoral work was done at Stanford University with David Hogness. Dr. Rubin is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and counts among his honors the American Chemical Society Eli Lilly Award in biological chemistry.

Sandra Louise Schmid is Professor and Chairman of the Department of Cell Biology at the Scripps Research Institute. Her research aims to identify molecules involved and to define the molecular mechanisms governing receptor-mediated endocytosis. Biochemical, molecular biological, and morphological approaches are used to elucidate the mechanisms of coat assembly, cargo recruitment and the regulation of these events by GTPases (e.g., dynamin) and kinases. She received her Ph.D. in biochemistry from Stanford University and her postdoctoral research was in the Department of Cell Biology at Yale University.

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