APPENDIX E
Contributors

PIERRE AIGRAIN is scientific advisor to the president of the Thomson Group. Trained in physics at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Paris and at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in the United States, he spent the early portion of his career as a professor of the Faculty of Sciences in Paris. Dr. Aigrain’s work there on electrotechnology and energy led to a lasting association with the French Atomic Energy Commission. He has held key positions with the French government, including that of minister of state for research from 1978 to 1981. Dr. Aigrain is the author of numerous scientific papers on electronic circuits and semiconductors, has served as both the secretary general and vice president of the French Physical Society, and was chairman of the French-Chinese Committee for Economic and Industrial Cooperation.

HARRY L.BECKERS is chairman of the Industry Research and Development Advisory Committee of the European Economic Community and group research coordinator for Shell International. Dr. Beckers was also president of the European Industrial Research Association, president of the Forum of Engineers of the Netherlands, and a member of the Dutch Advisory Committee on Science Policy to the Dutch government.

EMILIO CARRILLO GAMBOA is Ambassador of Mexico to Canada. He formerly served as director general and chief executive officer for Telefonos de Mexico. In his capacity as director general, Mr. Carrillo Gamboa was chairman of the board of directors of Telefonos de Mexico’s 23 affiliates. In addition, he is a member of the board of several private and public enterprises in Mexico. Mr. Carrillo Gamboa maintains an active schedule as a lecturer for universities, civic associations, and public and private insti-



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Globalization of Technology: International Perspectives APPENDIX E Contributors PIERRE AIGRAIN is scientific advisor to the president of the Thomson Group. Trained in physics at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Paris and at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in the United States, he spent the early portion of his career as a professor of the Faculty of Sciences in Paris. Dr. Aigrain’s work there on electrotechnology and energy led to a lasting association with the French Atomic Energy Commission. He has held key positions with the French government, including that of minister of state for research from 1978 to 1981. Dr. Aigrain is the author of numerous scientific papers on electronic circuits and semiconductors, has served as both the secretary general and vice president of the French Physical Society, and was chairman of the French-Chinese Committee for Economic and Industrial Cooperation. HARRY L.BECKERS is chairman of the Industry Research and Development Advisory Committee of the European Economic Community and group research coordinator for Shell International. Dr. Beckers was also president of the European Industrial Research Association, president of the Forum of Engineers of the Netherlands, and a member of the Dutch Advisory Committee on Science Policy to the Dutch government. EMILIO CARRILLO GAMBOA is Ambassador of Mexico to Canada. He formerly served as director general and chief executive officer for Telefonos de Mexico. In his capacity as director general, Mr. Carrillo Gamboa was chairman of the board of directors of Telefonos de Mexico’s 23 affiliates. In addition, he is a member of the board of several private and public enterprises in Mexico. Mr. Carrillo Gamboa maintains an active schedule as a lecturer for universities, civic associations, and public and private insti-

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Globalization of Technology: International Perspectives tutions. He is a graduate of law of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico and did graduate work at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. UMBERTO COLOMBO is chairman of the Italian National Commission for Nuclear and Alternative Energy Sources. He has also served as director of the G.Donegani Research Center, director general for research and corporate strategies of Montedison Company, and chairman of the Italian Atomic Energy Commission. Dr. Colombo is chairman of the European Economic Community’s Committee on Science and Technology. Dr. Colombo received his doctorate in physical chemistry from Pavia University and studied under a postdoctorate Fulbright Fellowship at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. GERALD P.DINNEEN is vice president of science and technology for Honeywell Inc. In this capacity, he manages the corporate technical centers and assists corporate, group, and division management in areas of technology and engineering. After receiving his Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Wisconsin, Dr. Dinneen joined the Lincoln Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he held a series of positions including the directorship from 1970 to 1977. From 1971 to 1981, he was also professor of electrical engineering at MIT. In 1977, Dr. Dinneen was named Assistant Secretary of Defense for Communications, Command and Control, and Intelligence, a position he held until he joined Honeywell in 1981. Dr. Dinneen is a member of the board of directors of the Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation (MCC), the Corporation for Open Systems, and Honeywell-NEC Supercomputers. PEHR GYLLENHAMMER is chairman and chief executive officer of AB Volvo. He began his career with the Ampion Insurance Company and later joined the Skandia Insurance Company where he became deputy managing director and managing director and chief executive. He joined Volvo in 1971 as managing director and chief executive officer, assuming his current position in 1983. In addition to his position with Volvo, Mr. Gyllenhammar is a member of numerous corporate boards, a member of the board of the Swedish Employers’ Confederation, the Federation of Swedish Industries, and a member of the International Advisory Committee of the Chase Manhattan Bank. Mr. Gyllenhammar received his bachelor of law degree from Lund University and pursued further study in Great Britain, the United States, and Switzerland. WOLF HAFELE is director general of the Nuclear Research Center, Jülich/ FRG. He has held numerous positions in the field of nuclear energy physics

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Globalization of Technology: International Perspectives at universities and research institutes, including head of the nuclear safeguards project and scientific adviser to the government of the Federal Republic of Germany on the nonproliferation treaty, head of the energy research systems project at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), and deputy director of IIASA. He has been awarded several honors for his work in this area, including the Federal Service Cross and the Austrian Cross of Honor for Science and Arts. Dr. Hafele received his Ph.D. in theoretical physics from the University of Gottingen. HIROSHI INOSE is director general of the National Center for Science Information Systems (Japan) and the dean of the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Tokyo. Since 1984, Dr. Inose has also been chairman of the Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. He is a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and a foreign associate of both the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Inose is widely known for his work in digital communication and road traffic control. Dr. Inose received his bachelor’s and doctorate degrees in engineering from the University of Tokyo. HAJIME KARATSU is a professor at the R&D Institute of Tokai University. Following his graduation with a degree in electrical engineering from the University of Tokyo, Professor Karatsu began working for Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Public Corporation. He later joined Matsushita Communication Industrial Company, Ltd., where he assumed the posts of director, managing director, and technical adviser to Matsushita Electric Industrial Company. Professor Karatsu has served on the Industrial Structural Council of the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, with the Institute of Fifth Generation Computer Systems, and as chairman of the Office Automation Committee of the Tokyo metropolitan government. For his contributions in the field of statistical quality control, Professor Karatsu received Japan’s Deming Prize in 1981. JAN E.KOLM is chairman of the National Energy Research Development and Demonstration Council and former executive director of Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) Australia Ltd. During his career with ICI Australia, Mr. Kolm held the posts of corporate research manager, technical and research director, and director of ICI Engineering, CSR Chemicals, and Nylex Corporation. He was involved in the development of electrolytic cells, nylon intermediates, a process for hexachlorocyclohexane, and a new route to tetraisole, a veterinary drug licensed worldwide. Mr. Kolm has also served as a member of the advisory committee to the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) and as chairman of the Victorian

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Globalization of Technology: International Perspectives State Committee of CSIRO. Mr. Kolm holds a degree in chemical engineering from Prague Technical University. RALPH LANDAU is former chairman of the board of the Halcon SD Group, Inc., a high-technology business in the chemical industry. When his interests were sold in 1982, he became consulting professor of economics at Stanford University, and subsequently a fellow of the faculty of the Kennedy School at Harvard. He is a trustee of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the California Institute of Technology, the University of Pennsylvania, and the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, as well as a retired director of ALCOA. He is vice president of the National Academy of Engineering and in 1985 was among the first recipients of the National Medal of Technology. He holds an Sc.D. from MIT. ROBERT MALPAS is managing director of the British Petroleum Company. He began his career at Imperial Chemical Industries where he held numerous positions during his 30-year tenure there. In 1978 he became president of Halcon International Inc. He assumed his current position in 1983. Mr. Malpas is a fellow of the Institute of Chemical Engineers, the Institute of Materials Handling, and the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. He is affiliated with the British Oxygen Group, the Advisory Council for Applied Research and Development (ACARD), and the Engineering Council. Mr. Malpas received his degree from Durham University. ENRIQUE MARTIN DEL CAMPO is assistant secretary for education, science, and culture of the Organization of American States. He has extensive experience in international technical cooperation, particularly in the Americas. He has also served as minister counselor for scientific and technological affairs at the Mexican Embassy in Washington, D.C., consultant to the United Nations, research engineer at L.M.Ericcson of Sweden, and director of international affairs for the National Council for Science and Technology of Mexico. Dr. Martin del Campo is a founding member of the National Academy of Engineering of Mexico. He holds a doctorate in physics and electronics from the University of Toulouse, France. JANET H.MUROYAMA is program associate at the National Academy of Engineering of the United States. She works on the Academy’s international programs and coordinates a project on the human resource and organizational aspects of the adoption of new workplace technologies. SIR ROBIN NICHOLSON is an executive director of Pilkington Brothers plc. Sir Robin has taught in the departments of metallurgy at both Cambridge and Manchester universities. In 1972 he joined Inco Europe Ltd. as director

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Globalization of Technology: International Perspectives of the company’s research laboratory and later assumed the positions of director and managing director of the company. From 1981 to 1985, Sir Robin served in the Cabinet Office, first as chief scientist of the central policy review staff and then as chief scientific adviser. He is a non-executive director of Rolls Royce and a fellow of the Royal Society and the Fellowship of Engineering. He has a Ph.D. in metallurgy from Cambridge University. GEORGE E.PAKE recently retired from Xerox Corporation where he was group vice president for corporate research. After receiving his Ph.D. degree in physics from Harvard University in 1948, he joined the faculty of Washington University in St. Louis. In 1956 he became professor of physics at Stanford University. Dr. Pake returned to Washington University as provost and executive vice chancellor in 1962. In 1970 he joined Xerox Corporation to establish the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center. He is now director of the Institute for Research on Learning, a new nonprofit research institute established under a grant from Xerox Corporation. SIMON RAMO, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the National Medal of Science, is the “R” of TRW Inc. The chief scientist in developing the U.S. intercontinental ballistic missile, he was chairman of the President’s Committee on Science and Technology under President Ford, a member of the Advisory Council to Secretary of State Kissinger on Science and Foreign Affairs, the White House Council on Energy Research and Development, and the National Science Board and the first to receive the National Academy of Engineering’s award for statesmanship in national science and technology policy. Dr. Ramo also is the author of widely used textbooks in science, engineering, and management. LARS RAMQVIST is executive vice president of the Ericsson Group. He began his career as head of the materials laboratory at Stora Kopparberg and later conducted research at Axel Johnsson Institute, of which he became president. In 1980, he joined Ericsson, assuming the positions of vice president of information systems, head of strategic planning, and senior vice president. In his current position he has overall group responsibility for technology, product and production techniques, and quality assurance systems. Dr. Ramqvist studied at the Universities of Uppsala and Stockholm and holds a Ph.D. in solid-state physics and chemistry. NATHAN ROSENBERG is Fairleigh S.Dickinson, Jr. Professor of Public Policy at Stanford University. Before moving to Stanford in 1974, he served on the faculty of the University of Wisconsin, Harvard University, Purdue University, and the University of Pennsylvania. He has written extensively on the economics of technological change. His most recent books are The

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Globalization of Technology: International Perspectives Positive Sum Strategy, Inside the Black Box, and How the West Grew Rich. Dr. Rosenberg earned his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Wisconsin. H.GUYFORD STEVER, foreign secretary of the National Academy of Engineering of the United States, has spent his career as a scientist, engineer, educator, and administrator. He was professor of aeronautics and astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for 20 years as well as head of the departments of mechanical engineering, and naval architecture and marine engineering. From 1965 to 1972, Dr. Stever was president of Carnegie Mellon University, during which time the Carnegie Institute of Technology and the Mellon Institute were merged. Dr. Stever was director of the National Science Foundation as well as Science Advisor to the President from 1972 to 1976. Subsequently, he served as White House Science and Technology Advisor to President Ford and director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy. Dr. Stever has a Ph.D. in physics from the California Institute of Technology. MORRIS TANENBAUM is vice chairman of the board of AT&T, responsible for finance and planning. As a member of the technical staff of Bell Telephone Laboratories, he invented the process for the first practical silicon transistors. Dr. Tanenbaum has held several executive positions throughout AT&T, including vice president of engineering at Western Electric Company, executive vice president of Bell Laboratories, president of New Jersey Bell Telephone Company, and first chairman and chief executive officer of AT&T Communications. He is a trustee of Johns Hopkins University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Battelle Memorial Institute, and the Brookings Institution and serves on the board of directors of a number of companies. Dr. Tanenbaum received his Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Princeton University. ALDEN P.YATES is president and chief operating officer of Bechtel Group, Inc. Mr. Yates has spent his career designing, constructing, and managing complex engineering projects. In his current position, he is responsible for the day-to-day management of Bechtel projects worldwide. These projects, serving many industries and governments, face a variety of technical challenges ranging from deep sea structures to outer space. Mr. Yates is a civil engineering graduate of Stanford University and serves on the advisory council to the School of Engineering.