Focus of Study

Points of Emphasis Related to Indicators for Waterborne Pathogens and Committee’s Charge




  • EPA should support research and development on methods for detecting emerging pathogens in environmental samples

  • Both industry and the research community should develop performance goals appropriate for planned potable reuse

Use of Reclaimed Water and Sludge in Food Crop Production (NRC, 1996)

To examine the use of treated municipal wastewater and sludge in the production of crops for human consumption

Chapter 5 “Public Health Concerns about Infectious Disease Agents” outlines leading pathogens associated with raw sewage and emphasizes the need to be able to effectively monitor for treatment efficacy and, therefore, the need for effective indicator organisms or direct pathogen detection


  • Coliforms are not reliable for direct pathogen detection; Clostridium perfringens should be used instead

  • There is potential in emerging immunological and molecular biological methods

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