Dietary Intake Trend

U.S. Population

U.S. Children and Youth

 

 

Adolescent intake of whole milk decreased while cheese increased. In 1994-1996, for adolescents aged 12 to 19 years, only 12% of girls and 30% of boys consumed the number of dairy servings recommended by the Food Guide Pyramid (USDA, 2000; Enns et al.,2002, 2003).

Fruit and vegetable consumption

In 1997, Americans consumed 24% more fruit and vegetables per capita than did in 1970 (French et al., 2001).

In 1977-1978 children aged 6 to 11 years consumed more total vegetables than children in 1994-1996, 1998 (Enns et al., 2002). In 1994-1996, 1998, only 24% of girls and 23% of boys consumed the number of Food Guide Pyramid recommended fruit servings (USDA, 2000; Enns et al., 2002).

In 1994-1996 adolescents aged 12 to 19 years, only 18% of girls and 14% of boys consumed the number of Food Guide Pyramid recommended fruit servings (USDA, 2000; Enns et al., 2003).

Meat, poultry, and fish consumption

Total meat consumption per capita increased by 19 lbs from 1970 to 2000. In 2000, individual Americans consumed 16 pounds less red meat than in 1970, 32 lbs more poultry, and 3 lbs more fish and shellfish (Putnam et al., 2002).

In 1994-1996 and 1998 the percentages of children aged 6 to 11 years and adolescents aged 12 to 19 years consuming meat, poultry, fish, and eggs were lower than in 1977-1978 (USDA, 2000; Enns et al., 2002, 2003).



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement