A
Acronyms

AAFP American Academy of Family Physicians

AAP American Academy of Pediatrics

ADA American Dietetic Association; also American Diabetes Association

ALSPAC Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood

AMA American Medical Association

APA American Psychological Association

ARS Agricultural Research Service

ASSIST American Stop Smoking Intervention Study

BLS U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

BMI Body mass index

BRFSS Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

CACFP Child and Adult Care Food Program

Caltrans California Department of Transportation

CARU Children’s Advertising Review Unit

CATCH Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health program

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CFSC Community Food Security Coalition

CHD coronary heart disease

CHSI Community Health Status Indicators project

CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services



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OCR for page 327
Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance A Acronyms AAFP American Academy of Family Physicians AAP American Academy of Pediatrics ADA American Dietetic Association; also American Diabetes Association ALSPAC Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood AMA American Medical Association APA American Psychological Association ARS Agricultural Research Service ASSIST American Stop Smoking Intervention Study BLS U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics BMI Body mass index BRFSS Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System CACFP Child and Adult Care Food Program Caltrans California Department of Transportation CARU Children’s Advertising Review Unit CATCH Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health program CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CFSC Community Food Security Coalition CHD coronary heart disease CHSI Community Health Status Indicators project CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

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Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance CNU Congress for the New Urbanism CSF Curriculum and Standards Framework CSFII Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals CSPI Center for Science in the Public Interest CVD Cardiovascular disease DALYs Disability-adjusted life years DHHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services DRI Dietary Reference Intake DV Daily Value (as in % DV) DVD Digital video disc DXA Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry EER Estimated Energy Requirement EFNEP Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency FAO Food and Agricultural Organization FCC U.S. Federal Communications Commission FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration FGP Food Guide Pyramid FITS Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study FMI Food Marketing Institute FMNV Foods of minimal nutritional value FNB Food and Nutrition Board FSP Food Stamp Program FTC Federal Trade Commission GAO U.S. Government Accountability Office (previously U.S. General Accounting Office) GEMS Girls Health Enrichment Multi-site Study HDL High-density lipoprotein HEI Healthy Eating Index HPDP Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Board IFIC International Food Information Council IMPACT Improved Nutrition and Physical Activity Act IOM Institute of Medicine ITE Institute of Transportation Engineers KEDS Kids’ Eating Disorders Survey

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Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance LDL Low-density lipoprotein LEAP Lifestyle Education for Activity Program LSRO Life Sciences Research Organization MEPS Medical Expenditure Panel Survey MHHP Minnesota Heart Health Program MOVE Measurement of the Value of Exercise Project M-SPAN Middle-School Physical Activity and Nutrition NACCHO National Association of County and City Health Officials NASPE National Association for Sport and Physical Education NCHS National Center for Health Statistics NCI National Cancer Institute NCQA National Committee for Quality Assurance NEA National Education Association NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHES National Health Examination Survey NHIS National Health Interview Survey NHLBI National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute NHS National Health Service (United Kingdom) NHTS National Household Travel Survey NICHD National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NIDDK National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases NIH National Institutes of Health NLEA Nutrition Labeling and Education Act NLSAH National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health NLSY National Longitudinal Survey of Youth NPTS National Personal Transportation Survey NRC National Research Council NSLP National School Lunch Program OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development PE Physical education PPHEAL Partnership to Promote Healthy Eating and Active Living RCT Randomized controlled trial RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance RWJF The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome SBP School Breakfast Program

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Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance SCT Social cognitive theory SES Socioeconomic status SHPPS School Health Policies and Programs Study SMART Student Media Awareness to Reduce Television curriculum SNDAS School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Study SPARK Sports, Play, and Active Recreation for Kids program USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USPSTF U.S. Preventive Services Task Force VCR video cassette recorder WHO World Health Organization WIC Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children YMCLS Youth Media Campaign Longitudinal Survey YRBS Youth Risk Behavior Survey YRBSS Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System