Prevention With regard to obesity, primary prevention represents avoiding the occurrence of obesity in a population; secondary prevention represents early detection of disease through screening with the purpose of limiting its occurrence; and tertiary prevention involves preventing the sequelae of obesity in childhood and adulthood.

Risk The possibility or probability of loss, injury, disadvantage, or destruction.

Risk analysis Risk analysis is broadly defined to include risk assessment, risk characterization, risk communication, risk management, and policy relating to risk, in the context of risks of concern to individuals, to public-and private-sector organizations, and to society at a local, regional, national, or global level.

Safety The condition of being protected from or unlikely to cause danger, risk or injury that either may be perceived or objectively defined.

School meals Comprises the food service activities that take place within the school setting. The federal child nutrition programs include the National School Lunch Program, School Breakfast Program, Child and Adult Care Food Program, Summer Food Service Program, and Special Milk Program.

Sedentary A way of living or lifestyle that requires minimal physical activity and that encourages inactivity through limited choices, disincentives, and/or structural or financial barriers.

Well-being A view of health that takes into account a child’s physical, social, and emotional health.

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