Basal metabolism, 331

Behavioral research, 17, 323-324

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), 29, 35, 36, 61, 160

Behavioral settings. See Community environment;

Home environment;

School environment

Better Business Bureau, 175

Beverages.

See also Food and beverage industry;

Milk and other dairy products;

School food and beverages;

Sodas and fruit drinks

consumption trends, 33

Blood pressure. See High blood pressure;

Hypertension

Blue Cross of California, 201

Body fat, 54, 80, 93, 137, 140, 334.

See also Body mass index

Body image, 66, 91-92, 100, 103-104, 199

Body mass index

age-specific trends, 56-57, 63-65, 80, 336

beverage consumption and, 293-294

calculation, 80

charts, 1 n.1, 55, 79-80, 88, 89-90

clinical screening and tracking, 221-222, 307-308

and co-morbidities, 62, 80

crossing percentiles, 89-90

defined, 79, 331-332

and diabetes, 24, 62, 68

distribution trends, 61-62, 80, 336

ethnicity and, 58-60

gender tends, 56-58

obesity definition, 1 n.1, 22, 54-55, 63

optimum population goals, 86, 88-90

overweight, 80, 336

revised growth reference, 55

school screening, 270-271, 308

socioeconomic status and, 60-61

TV viewing and, 302

Body weight

CDC guidelines for children, 89

and energy intake, 159

goals, 89-90

growth spurts and, 91, 307

as health issue, 306-308

healthy, 335

heritability, 91, 93, 94

inappropriate gain, 90

measurement, 137, 140

monitoring, 306-308

physiological regulation of, 159

survey data, 89, 137, 140

Boy Scouts, 202

Boys and Girls Clubs of America, 44, 202

Brain

regulation of energy balance, 69-70, 94, 95, 157

stress response, 70

Breastfeeding, 222, 288-290

Built environment.

See also Local

communities city planning, 210

community interventions, 203, 204-217

correlation studies, 206-208

defined, 332

designing for physical activity, 11, 12, 125, 132, 196, 204-211, 273-274

evaluation of interventions, 208-209

food access, 215-217

land development codes, 210

race/ethnicity and, 205

rating, 218

recommendations, 11, 209-211, 213-214, 220

recreational facilities, 206, 211

research needs, 208-209

safety considerations, 11, 205, 207-208, 211

schools, 213-215, 273-274

smart growth principles, 209, 210

socioeconomic status and, 205, 207

street-scale interventions, 208

transportation issues, 38, 205

walking and biking opportunities, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211-215

C

California, 71, 103-104, 180, 200, 201, 213, 214, 242, 248, 358, 359

Caloric sweeteners. See Added caloric sweeteners

Calories, defined, 332.

See also Energy expenditure;

Energy intake

Canada, 44, 68, 356

Cancer, 69, 107, 169

Carbohydrates, 34

Cardiovascular disease

food label health claims, 169



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