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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

The study was supported by Contract No. 200-2000-00629, T.O. #14 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; by Contract No. N01-OD-4-2139, T.O. #126 with the National Institutes of Health; and by Grant No. 047513 with The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The contracts were supported by funds from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; and the Division of Nutrition Research Coordination of the National Institutes of Health. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Prevention of Obesity in Children and Youth.

Preventing childhood obesity : health in the balance / Committee on Prevention of Obesity in Children and Youth, Food and Nutrition Board, Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention ; Jeffrey P. Koplan, Catharyn T. Liverman, Vivica I. Kraak, editors.

p. ; cm.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 0-309-09196-9 (hardcover) — ISBN 0-309-09315-5

1. Obesity in children—United States—Prevention. 2. Child health services—United States. 3. Nutrition policy—United States. 4. Health promotion—United States.

[DNLM: 1. Obesity—prevention & control—Adolescent. 2. Obesity—prevention & control—Child. 3. Health Policy—Adolescent. 4. Health Policy—Child. 5. Health Promotion—methods. 6. Social Environment. WD 210 I604p 2005] I. Koplan, Jeffrey. II. Liverman, Catharyn T. III. Kraak, Vivica I. IV. Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. V. Title.

RJ399.C6I575 2005

618.92’398—dc22

2004026241

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Copyright 2005 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Illustration by Becky Heavner.

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The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.



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