BOX 3-3
Breast Cancer Legislation

2003 Reauthorization of MQSA

Legislation reauthorized for two years awaiting the findings of two Congressionally mandated reports. The first by the General Accounting Office to assess the States as Certifiers program and mammography access issues. The second by the Institute of Medicine on ways to improve physician recruitment, mammography interpretation, and mammography services.

2003 Medicare Prescription Drug and Modernization Act

Created a prescription drug benefit for Medicare beneficiaries. The legislation also increased payments for mammography and provided an additional $10 million in funding for the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program, bringing the total to $220 million. The program is intended to provide 32,000 diagnostic and screening services to additional women who are hard to reach and have never been screened for these cancers.

2001 Native American Breast and Cervical Cancer Treatment Technical Amendment Act

Amended Title XIX of the Social Security Act to clarify that Indian women with breast or cervical cancer who are eligible for health services provided under a medical care program of the Indian Health Service or of a tribal organization are included in the optional Medicaid eligibility category of breast or cervical cancer patients added by the BCCPTA of 2000.


Gave States the option of providing medical assistance (Medicaid) for breast and cervical cancer-related treatment services to certain low-income women without creditable coverage who have already been screened for such cancers under the CDC breast and cervical cancer early detection program, and who need treatment.

1998 Reauthorization of MQSA

  • Required a summary of the written report concerning a mammogram to be provided directly to the patient in terms easily understood by a lay person.

  • Empowered the Secretary to require a facility to notify patients who received mammograms inconsistent with standards so as to present a significant risk to the individual or public health.

1997 Veterans’ Benefits Act

Directed the Under Secretary for Health to develop a national policy for the Veterans Health Administration on mammography screening for veterans.

1997 Stamp Out Breast Cancer Act

Authorized the U.S. Postal Service to issue a first-class breast cancer stamp. Seventy percent of the net amount raised is given to the National Institutes of Health

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