TABLE 1-4 The Abuja Summit Targets, April 2002

RBM strategy

Abuja target (by 2005)

Prompt access to effective treatment

 

  • 60% of those suffering with malaria should have access to and be able to use correct, affordable, and appropriate treatment within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms

Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs)

 

  • 60% of those at risk for malaria, particularly children under 5 years of age and pregnant women, will benefit from a suitable combination of personal and community protective measures, such as ITNs

Prevention and control of malaria in pregnant women

 

  • 60% of pregnant women at risk of malaria will be covered with suitable combinations of personal and community protective measures, such as ITNs

  • 60% of pregnant women at risk of malaria will have access to intermittent preventive treatment

Malaria epidemic and emergency response

 

  • 60% of epidemics are detected within 2 weeks of onset

  • 60% of epidemics are responded to within 2 weeks of detection

Note: The original Abuja declaration included the recommendation for chemoprophylaxis as well, but current WHO and RBM policy strongly recommends IPT—and not chemoprophylaxis—for prevention of malaria during pregnancy.

SOURCE: WHO/UNICEF (2003)

Major Reforms
  • Reorganization of the RBM Secretariat

  • Creation of an independent governance board

  • Reconstitution of the Technical Support Network

Tactical Changes
  • Selection of 8 to 12 focus countries that show a high degree of commitment and can make rapid progress in the next 3 years

  • Appointment of Country Champions to provide dynamic leadership in these focus countries



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