TABLE 5.1 The Geospatial Technology Competency Model
Ability to assess relationships among geospatial technologies
Computer programming skills
GIS theory and applications
Geospatial data processing tools
Remote-sensing theory and applications
Spatial information processing
Ability to see the “big picture”
Cost-benefit analysis, Return on Investment
Performance analysis and evaluation
Model building skills
Group process understanding
Relationship building skills
NOTE: Core competencies are shown in bold.
Geospatial Technology Competency Model establishes a link between competencies—the knowledge, skills, and abilities that an individual needs to do a job—and roles, which are groupings of work-related competencies. Many of the technical and analytical competencies listed in the model are directly related to the process of spatial thinking.
In short, therefore, workforce demands are changing; those demands can be met only if the K–12 education system produces graduates with the requisite skills and knowledge, with a commitment to lifelong learning, and with flexibility to adapt to change. Central to changing workforce needs are knowledge workers for the rapidly growing IT sector. Central to the IT sector and many other sectors is spatial thinking. To what extent does the K–12 educational system generate graduates with these spatial thinking skills? One answer can be found in the most recent international comparative survey of mathematics and science performance.
The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (formerly known as the Third International Mathematics and Science Study) is the international parallel to the National Assessment of Educational Progress. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education through the Na-