Barsalou, L. W. 1999. Perceptual symbol systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22(4):577–609.
Barsalou, L. W., W. K. Simmons, A. K. Barbey, and C. D. Wilson. 2003. Grounding conceptual knowledge in modality-specific systems. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7(2):84–91.
Bartlett, F. C. 1932. Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Baskin, C. W. 1957. A Critique and Translation of Walter Christaller’s Die zentralen Orte in Siiddeutschland. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Economics, University of Virginia.
Battista, M. T. 1990. Spatial visualization and gender differences in high-school geometry. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education 21(1):47–60.
Beatty, W. W., and A. I. Tröster. 1987. Gender differences in geographical knowledge. Sex Roles 16(11–12):565–589.
Becker, H. J., J. L. Ravitz, and Y. T. Wong. 1999. Teacher and Teacher-Directed Student Use of Computers and Software. Report 3. Teaching, Learning, and Computing: 1998 National Survey. Irvine, Calif.: Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations.
Bednarz, S. W. 2000. Problem-based learning. In R. Audet and G. Ludwig, editors, GIS in Schools, pp. 89–101. Redlands, Calif.: ESRI Press.
Bednarz, S. W., and R. Audet. 1999. The status of GIS technology in teacher preparation programs. Journal of Geography 98(21):60–67.
Berenbaum, S. A., and M. Hines. 1992. Early androgens are related to childhood sex-typed toy preferences. Psychological Science 3:203–206.
Berenbaum, S. A., and E. Snyder. 1995. Early hormonal influences on childhood sex-typed activity and playmate preferences: Implications for the development of sexual orientation. Developmental Psychology 31(1):31–42.
Berenbaum, S. A., K. Korman, and C. Leveroni. 1995. Early hormones and sex differences in cognitive abilities. Learning and Individual Differences (74):303–321.
Bernhardsen, T. 1999. Geographic Information Systems: An Introduction. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Bertin, J. 1983. Semiology of Graphics. Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press.
Bethell-Fox, C. E., and R. N. Shepard. 1988. Mental rotation: Effects of stimulus complexity and familiarity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 14(1):12–23.
Biederman, I., and M. S. Shiffrar. 1987. Sexing day-old chicks: A case study and expert systems analysis of a difficult perceptual-learning task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 13(4):640–645.
Biswas, G., S. R. Goldman, D. Fisher, B. Bhuva, and G. Glewwe. 1995. Assessing design activity in complex CMOS circuit design. In P. Nichols and S. Chipman, editors, Cognitively Diagnostic Assessment, pp. 167–188. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum Associates.
Bjork, R. A., and A. Richardson-Klavehn. 1989. On the puzzling relationship between environmental context and human memory. In C. Izawa, editor, Current Issues in Cognitive Processes: The Tulane Flowerree Symposium on Cognition, pp. 313–344. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum Associates.
Bock, R. D., and D. Kolakowski. 1973. Further evidence of sex-linked major-gene influence on human spatial visualizing ability. American Journal of Human Genetics 25(1):1–14.
Bossler, J. D., editor. 2001. Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology. New York: Taylor and Francis.
Bower, G. H. 1973. How to … uh … remember. Psychology Today 7:63–70.
Bradford, M., C. Suplee, and N. Lubick. 2003. Science and engineering visualization challenge: Visualization and the communication of science. Science 301(5639):1472–1477.
Bransford, J. D., and D. L. Schwartz. 1999. Rethinking transfer: A simple proposal with multiple implications. Review of Research in Education 24:61–100.
Bransford, J. D., A. L. Brown, and R. R. Cocking, editors. 1999. How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Broecker, W. S. 1991. The great ocean conveyor. Oceanography 4:79–89.
Brooks, L. R. 1968. Spatial and verbal components of the act of recall. Canadian Journal of Psychology 22(5):349–368.
Brown, A. B. 1953. Watson and Crick with their DNA model. Science Photo Library, Ltd., London, England.
Brown, A., and J. S. DeLoache. 1978. Skills, plans, and self regulation. In R. Siegler, editor, Children’s Thinking: What Develops, pp. 3–35. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum Associates.
Bruck, M., and S. Ceci. 1999. The suggestibility of children’s memory. Annual Review of Psychology 50: 419–439.
Bruner, J. S. 1959. Learning and thinking. Harvard Educational Review 29(3):184–192.
Bruner, J. 1960. The Process of Education. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Bunge, W. 1966. Theoretical Geography. Lund: Gleerup.
Burrough, P. A. 1986. Principles of Geographic Information Systems for Land Resource Assessment. Monographs on Soil and Resources Survey No. 12. New York: Oxford University Press.
Burrough, P. A., and A. U. Frank, editors. 1996. Geographic Objects with Indeterminate Boundaries. New York: Taylor and Francis.