AutoCAD, 156, 285

Autodesk Map, 167

Avenue, 166, 191, 192

B

Barrington Middle School (Rhode Island), 180

Batik SVG Toolkit (BGRG), 286

Berkeley Geo-Research Group, 290

Bessel, Friedrich, 62

Big Bang theory, 64

Bishop Dunne Catholic School (Texas), 212

Botany/botanists, 53, 69, 209, 291

Brahe, Tycho, 60, 62, 67

Bruner, Jerome, 11-12, 16, 20, 150, 176, 237, 270-271

Bunge, William, 93

C

California State University, San Bernardino, 291, 292

Car safety seat (CSS) installation, 49-50

Cartesian coordinate system, 3, 12, 27, 149, 272

Cartographic modeling, 27, 169-171, 173

Cartography, 83, 113, 156, 222, 287, 288

Center for Image Processing in Education (CIPE), 290

Central place theory, 56, 88-93

Cepheid variables, 64, 66, 67

Charlottesville Education Summit, 111

Chemistry, 27, 43, 181

Chess players, 96, 97

Chorology, 88

Christaller, Walter, 48, 49, 56, 88-93, 95

CITYgreen, 180-181, 190

Cognition/cognitive

development, 270, 271

environmental, 26, 29

geographic, 287, 289

maps/mapping, 26, 27, 29, 142

skills, 12, 81.

See also Spatial skills and abilities

about space, 30

in space, 30

with space, 30

spatial tool kit, 27

Collaborative Visualization Project (CoVIS), 290

Color

identifying and classifying objects by, 70

recognition and evaluation, 41, 42, 43, 53, 56, 138

representations, 16, 52, 80, 104, 105, 141, 143, 149, 169, 170, 171, 180-181

Columbia University, 83

Communication, in mathematics, 116, 117

Community Atlas project, 210, 291

Community Geography: GIS in Action, 179, 209

Community Mapping Program, 291

Community projects with GIS

crime reduction, 179, 212

pollution hazard mapping, 181, 213

vegetation mapping and analysis, 180-181, 190

water quality monitoring, 179, 180, 212-213

Computer-assisted design (CAD) systems, 12, 19, 20, 141, 155, 156, 158, 185, 290

Concept graphing tools, 32, 157, 286

Concept maps/mapping, 19, 30, 156, 157, 159, 282

Concepts for spatial thinking, 18-19, 26, 29-31, 32, 33

Coordinate systems

3D, 151

ability to use, 276

abstract, 139-140

Cartesian, 3, 12, 27, 149, 272

Earth-anchored conceptual, 69, 77-79, 160

geometry standard, 118, 120, 121, 122, 123

latitude-longitude, 37, 38, 148, 149, 162, 168

local, 38

polar, 3, 12, 123

raster data, 160, 223

rotating, 123

specific, 149

spheres, 123

State Plane Coordinate System, 148, 149, 183

temporal, 171

transformations, 149, 173

Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM), 149, 183

vector models, 70, 160, 223

Copernicus, 59

Corel Draw, 285

Coriolis effect, 123

Crescent School (Ontario), 213

Crick, Francis, 1-3, 55

Crime monitoring, 179, 212

Crystallography/crystallographers, 69, 70, 72, 103

Curriculum. See K-12 curriculum

Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics, 165

D

Data

analysis and probability, 116, 117, 156

attribute, 162, 163

collection, 14, 156

combining spatial and nonspatial data, 88

correction procedures, 55, 171

extrapolation and interpolation, 55, 86-87

generalization, 55

geometric, 162

GIS characteristics, 159-162, 171, 173, 175, 217

management, 13, 16, 30, 32, 34-35, 55, 76-77, 111, 156, 177, 223, 224

mining, 34, 111

models, 160-161, 173, 175, 183, 223

nonspatial, 88, 168-169

pixel, 32, 175

quality and quantity, 102, 171

raster, 32, 156, 160, 161, 173, 183, 223

retrieval, 34



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