seemed to be on a combination of technology validation and science. Now it seems that the effort has returned to the original objective. Stevens said that the program had been restructured to focus on technology. When asked how the NMP program had changed over the years, Stevens replied that the program emphasizes enabling future capabilities rather than allowing projects to morph into quasi-science missions.

At the close of the second panel discussion, steering committee member Rice commented that small businesses are an important asset, as most technology innovation has come from the small businesses. Stevens’s reply was that the NMP’s challenge has been how to help small businesses determine what the needs are. The interdisciplinary aspect of small businesses is a good model, Gabrynowicz said, NMP’s seamless integration of different cultures and its attention to different populations of scientists, engineers, and social scientists is very useful and can be a good model. Sharon Traweek, an anthropologist, has researched the anthropology of science and technology.

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