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Figures and Tables

FIGURES

7-1

 

Local and regional economic dependence on manufacturing, 2000,

 

41

7-2

 

Decline in U.S. manufacturing employment in rural and metropolitan areas between September 2000 and December 2002,

 

42

7-3

 

Survey responses indicating concerns for small manufacturers, 2001 and 2003,

 

45

9-1

 

Aerospace manufacturing industry employment in the United States, 1988 to 2002,

 

50

9-2

 

Total imports and exports of the U.S. aerospace industry, 1984 to 2002,

 

51

9-3

 

Funding for manufacturing industry research and development in the United States, 1985 to 1999,

 

53

11-1

 

Average annual percentage growth in manufacturing for five countries in the periods 1980 to 1990 and 1990 to 2000,

 

62

11-2

 

Millions of square feet of manufacturing area in the United States and abroad,

 

63

11-3

 

Manufacturing direct labor cost (in billions of U.S. dollars) in different parts of the world identified as having a large market, low labor cost, or both,

 

63

12-1

 

The global market for electronic manufacturing services,

 

66

12-2

 

The outsourcing cycle,

 

68

13-1

 

Manufacturing’s contribution to the U.S. gross domestic product in 2000,

 

78

14-1

 

Number of production workers employed by the U.S. manufacturing sector, 1947 to 2002,

 

83

14-2

 

Manufacturing productivity and real-wage indices, 1949 to 2000,

 

84

14-3

 

Change in employment of production workers across difference industrial sectors, 1989 to 2000,

 

85

14-4

 

U.S. manufacturing capacity utilization, January 1986 to May 2002,

 

86

21-1

 

Three different business models at Sandia National Laboratories,

 

113

23-1

 

Illustration of real and virtual manufacturing transformations,

 

131

23-2

 

Information management issues related to creating an integrated architecture for improving manufacturing performance,

 

133

TABLES

6-1

 

Percent Average Annual Productivity Gains in the United States,

 

34

12-1

 

Common Outsourcing Mistakes and Their Potential Impact,

 

67

12-2

 

Key Drivers and Obstacles to Outsourcing of Aerospace/Defense Electronics,

 

69

12-3

 

EMS Companies Reporting Significant Defense/Aerospace Business,

 

71

13-1

 

Student Respondents’ Perceptions of Manufacturing Careers Versus Their Aspirations,

 

76

20-1

 

Proposed Manufacturing Descriptors to Be Added to Technology Readiness Levels,

 

109



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