a special education teacher and diagnostician, working primarily with learning disabled students. Prior to joining the NRC, she was a senior research associate with the Association of American Medical Colleges where she worked on students with the Medical College Admission Test. She received a Ph.D. in educational measurement, statistics, and evaluation from the University of Maryland.

Margaret J. McLaughlin is a professor in the Department of Special Education and associate director of the Institute for the Study of Exceptional Children and Youth. She is currently involved in several projects, one of which is the Educational Policy Research Reform Institute, a research institute focused on accountability and students with disabilities. Dr. McLaughlin has conducted research related to standards-driven reform and students with disabilities for over 15 years. She served on the Board on Testing and Assessment (BOTA) Committee on Minority Representation in Special Education, the Committee on Reporting Results for Accommodated Test Takers: Policy and Technical Considerations, and the Technical Panel on Special Education Finance. She was cochair of the BOTA Committee on Goals 2000 and the Inclusion of Students with Disabilities. She has written extensively on issues related to the interaction between special education policies and state and federal educational reforms. Dr. McLaughlin began her career as a teacher of emotionally disturbed/autistic children and students with learning disabilities. Dr. McLaughlin received a Ph.D. in special education from the University of Virginia.

Mark D. Reckase is a professor of measurement and quantitative methods in the Department of Counseling, Educational Psychology and Special Education at Michigan State University. His research focuses on modeling of the interaction of persons and test items; multidimensional models of the persons item interaction; and computer applications to measurement of cognitive skills. He has numerous publications on requirements, values, validity, appropriateness, reliability, computerization, and modeling of assessment. He received a Ph.D. in psychology from Syracuse University.

Lourdes C. Rovira is the assistant superintendent for Curriculum and Instruction in Miami-Dade County Public Schools (M-DCPS), the fourth largest school district in the United States. In this capacity, Dr. Rovira oversees a multitude of programs and initiatives aimed at ensuring that students graduating from M-DCPS have the necessary skills to enter the workforce of the twenty-first century. In addition to serving on various educational advisory councils, Dr. Rovira has served as consultant to other school districts, institutions of higher education, the Council of Great City Schools, and publishing companies. As a champion for the rights of immigrant students and second language learners, Dr. Rovira’s expertise is sought by educators and journalists from all over the world.

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