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cations. Following her admission to the bar as a barrister and solicitor and development of a practice in litigation, Ms. Longworth spent three years in Canada working in information law. Before setting up her own firm in 1991 she practiced in a large corporate law firm in both Wellington and Auckland, New Zealand, in her specialty fields. Ms. Longworth is the independent chair of the New Zealand telecommunication industry’s self-regulatory body on number administration. She was the New Zealand nominee to the UNESCO meetings in Seoul and Monte Carlo in 1998 and is a member of the Sub-Commission on Communication of the New Zealand National Commission of UNESCO. She continues to work for UNESCO (Paris) on the digital divide. Ms. Longworth is the author of a report on cyberspace law, published in New Zealand in 1998 and currently in press by UNESCO (Paris), and of the leading text on New Zealand’s privacy laws. Ms. Longworth graduated with a bachelor of laws from Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, and a master of laws from Osgoode Hall, York University, Canada.

Lulama Makhubela is the manager of research information for the South African National Research Foundation. Earlier she was a senior lecturer in the Department of Library and Information Science at the University of the Western Cape. She earned her master’s degree in librarianship at the College of Librarianship, Wales, and her Ph.D. in library and information science from the University of the Western Cape. She is a member of the South African CODATA Committee.

Erik Sandewall is a professor of computer science and vice-rector at Linköping University, Sweden. Dr. Sandewall is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, and a fellow of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence. He received his Ph.D. from Uppsala University, after spending a year of doctoral studies at the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. He has also been a visiting associate professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. He was recently appointed as the chair of the ICSU Press.

Mary Waltham is an independent consultant. She was most recently the president and publisher of Nature and the Nature family of journals in the United States, and formerly the managing director and publisher of The Lancet in the United Kingdom. She founded her own consulting company two years ago. Its purpose is to help international scientific, technical, and medical publishers to confront the rapid change that the networked economy poses to their traditional business models, and to develop the new opportunities to build publications that deliver outstanding scientific and economic value. Ms. Waltham has worked at a senior level in science and medical publishing companies across a range of media, which include textbooks, magazines, newsletters, journals, and open learning materials. She served on the National Research Council’s Committee on Community Standards for Sharing Publication-Related Data and Materials and the Steering Committee for the Symposium on Electronic Scientific, Technical, and Medical Journal Publishing and Its Implications.

Ferris Webster is a professor of oceanography in the College of Marine Studies of the University of Delaware. He received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in physics at the University of Alberta and his Ph.D. in geophysics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Beginning at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution he has held a number of scientific positions, becoming senior scientist, chairman of the Physical Oceanography Department, and associate director for research. During this period he spent a sabbatical year at the National Institute of Oceanography in England. Between 1978 and 1982 Dr. Webster served as assistant administrator for research and development of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. In 1982 he became a senior fellow with the National Research Council. He joined the University of Delaware in 1983, where he serves as the director of the Oceanography Program. His research interests include the role of the ocean in climate change, ocean variability, time series analysis, and oceanographic data management and processing. Since 1994 he has served as the chairman of the Panel on World Data Centers of the International Council for Science. He is also the chair of the ICSU-CODATA ad hoc Working Group on Access to Data and Information, and served as chair of the National Research Council’s Committee on Geophysical and Environmental Data.

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