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Appendix D
Acronyms and Initialisms


AJOL

African Journals OnLine

arXiv

e-print service

ASEA

Association of Surgeons of East Africa


BMJ

British Medical Journal


CERN

European Organisation for Nuclear Research

CIS

Commonwealth of Independent States

CODATA

Committee on Data for Science and Technology

CRIA

Reference Center for Environmental Information (Brazil)

CRID

Regional Disaster Information Center


DATAD

Database of African Theses and Dissertations

DMCA

Digital Millennium Copyright Act, United States

DRM

digital rights management


EDNES

Earth Data Network for Education and Scientific Exchange

eSAP

electronic Supply of Academic Publications

E.U.

European Union


FOIA

Freedom of Information Act


GEANT

detector description and simulation tool

GIS

geographical information systems

GNU

GNU not Unix (refers to Stallman’s free software movement)

GPS

Global Positioning System


HBU

historically black university

HINARI

Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative

HWU

historically white university



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OCR for page 182
Open Access and the Public Domain in Digital Data and Information for Science: Proceedings of an International Symposium Appendix D Acronyms and Initialisms AJOL African Journals OnLine arXiv e-print service ASEA Association of Surgeons of East Africa BMJ British Medical Journal CERN European Organisation for Nuclear Research CIS Commonwealth of Independent States CODATA Committee on Data for Science and Technology CRIA Reference Center for Environmental Information (Brazil) CRID Regional Disaster Information Center DATAD Database of African Theses and Dissertations DMCA Digital Millennium Copyright Act, United States DRM digital rights management EDNES Earth Data Network for Education and Scientific Exchange eSAP electronic Supply of Academic Publications E.U. European Union FOIA Freedom of Information Act GEANT detector description and simulation tool GIS geographical information systems GNU GNU not Unix (refers to Stallman’s free software movement) GPS Global Positioning System HBU historically black university HINARI Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative HWU historically white university

OCR for page 182
Open Access and the Public Domain in Digital Data and Information for Science: Proceedings of an International Symposium HWU-A historically white Afrikaans university HWU-E historically white English university ICSTI International Council for Scientific and Technical Information ICSU International Council for Science ICT information and communication technology INASP International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications INDMED Indian Biomedical Journals Database INSERM French Institute of Health and Medical Research IP intellectual property IPR intellectual property right ISTIP International Scientific and Technical Information Programs JPM Journal of Postgraduate Medicine MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer NDVI normalized difference vegetation index NEPAD New Partnership for Africa’s Development NGO nongovernmental organization NIST National Institute for Science and Technology, United States NLM National Library of Medicine, United States NSDI National Spatial Data Infrastructure OAI Open Archives Initiative OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OSVITA Ukrainian national educational information system PAHO Pan American Health Organization PDB Protein Data Bank PERI Programme for the Enhancement of Research Information R&D research and development SADC South African Development Community SciDev.Net Science and Development Network SPARC Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition STACCIS Support for Telematics Applications Cooperation with the CIS TPM technological protection measures TRIPS Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (agreement) UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization URAN Ukrainian Research and Academic Network WHO World Health Organization WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization WSIS World Summit on the Information Society WTO World Trade Organization XML extensible markup language