Johnson Foundation Investigator Awards in Health Policy Research. He has a Ph.D. in social psychology from the University of Michigan.

JAMES S. JACKSON is the Daniel Katz distinguished university professor of psychology and professor of health behavior and health education at the University of Michigan. He is also director of the Center for Afro-American and African Studies and director of the Research Center for Group Dynamics, Institute for Social Research, where he also directs the Program for Research on Black Americans, now in its 25th year. He has published numerous scientific articles and chapters in such areas as race and ethnic relations, health and mental health, adult development and aging, attitudes and attitude change, and black political behavior, and he has authored or coauthored several books and edited volumes. Dr. Jackson has chaired the Gerontological Society Task Force on Racial Minority Group Aging and is a past chair of the Behavioral and Social Science Section of the Gerontological Society of America. He has been a member of scientific review panels for such organizations as the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Cancer Institute, the Educational Testing Service, and the European Economic Community Study on Immigration and Racism. He is a past member of national advisory councils of the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute on Aging (NIA). He currently serves as a member of the NIA’s Board of Scientific Counselors and also chaired a recent panel on minority aging at the NIA. He received a Ph.D. in social psychology from Wayne State University.

CHRISTOPHER (SANDY) JENCKS is Malcolm Wiener professor of social policy at the Kennedy School at Harvard University. His recent research has dealt with changes in the material standard of living over the past generation, homelessness, welfare reform, the black-white test score gap, and poverty measurement. His books have covered inequality, the urban underclass, and the homeless. Dr. Jencks is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and he serves on the editorial board of The American Prospect.

GERALD E. MCCLEARN is Evan Pugh professor and director of the Center for Development and Health Genetics in the College of Health and Human Development at Pennsylvania State University. Previously, he taught at Yale University, Allegheny College, the University of California at Berkeley, and the University of Colorado. At the University of Colorado he founded the Institute for Behavioral Genetics. Subsequently at Pennsylvania State University he served as associate dean for research and dean of the College of Health and Human Development. He was the founding head of the program in biobehavioral health and founding director of the Center for Development and Health Genetics. He has been involved for the past



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