Coppock, Rob, Johnson, Stephanie. "4 Summary of the State of the Science and Its Policy Implications." Direct and Indirect Human Contributions to Terrestrial Carbon Fluxes: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2004.
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Direct and Indirect Human Contributions: To Terrestrial Carbon Fluxes - A Workshop Summary
concerns. Workshop participants said that full carbon accounting inherently requires a broad ecosystem perspective, can help reduce uncertainty, and can make discrimination of management effects more practical in some ways.
While the above methods were not considered to be adequately developed for separation of direct, indirect, and natural effects at this time, several workshop participants expressed optimism that over the next decade or so information from these methods could provide reasonable constraints on estimates of these processes.