Stage III

  • Weight loss, > 10% of body weight

  • Unexplained chronic diarrhea, > 1 month

  • Unexplained prolonged fever (intermittent or constant) > 1 month

  • Oral candidiasis

  • Oral hairy leucoplakia

  • Pulmonary tuberculosis

  • Severe bacterial infections (i.e., pneumonia, pyomyositis) And/or performance scale 3: bedridden < 50% of the day during the last month

Stage IV

  • HIV wasting syndrome

  • Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

  • Toxoplasmosis of the brain

  • Cryptosporidiosis with diarrhea > 1 month

  • Cryptococcosis, extrapulmonary

  • Cytomegalovirus disease of an organ other than liver, spleen, or lymph nodes (i.e., retinitis)

  • Herpes simplex virus infection, mucocutaneous (> 1 month) or visceral

  • Progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy

  • Any disseminated endemic mycosis

  • Candidiasis of esophagus, trachea, bronchi

  • Atypical mycobacterioris, disseminated or lungs

  • Nontyphoid salmonella septicemia

  • Extrapulmonary tuberculosis

  • Lymphoma

  • Kaposi’s sarcoma

  • HIV encephalopathy

And/or performance scale 4: bedridden > 50% of the day during the last month

1  

Appendix B. WHO Staging System for HIV Infection and Disease in Adults and Adolescents. Scaling up antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings: Treatment guidelines for a public health approach. 2003 Revision. World Health Organization 2003.

REFERENCES

Allen S, Meinzen-Derr J, Kautzman M, Zulu I, Trask S, Fideli U, Musonda R, Kasolo F, Gau F, Haworth A. 2003. Sexual behavior of HIV discordant couples after HIV counseling and testing. AIDS 17(5):733–740.


Bartlett JA, DeMasi R, Quinn J, Moxham C, Rouseau F. 2001. Overview of the effectiveness of triple combination therapy in antiretroviral-naive HIV-1 infected adults. AIDS 15:1369–1377.



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