Appendix E
Acronyms

2D

two-dimensional

3D

three-dimensional


ABC

activity based costing

AEE

advanced engineering environment

AIM

accelerated insertion of materials

ARL

Applied Research Laboratory (Pennsylvania State University)

ASM

American Society for Metals

ASME

American Society of Manufacturing Engineers

AWACS

Airborne Warning and Control System


BOF

basic oxygen furnace

BOM

bill of materials

BSO

benzene soluble organic


C4ISR

command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance

CAD

computer-aided design

CAD

component advanced development

CADCAE

computer-aided design and engineering

CADCAM

computer-aided design and manufacturing

CAE

computer-aided engineering

CAIV

cost as an independent variable

CAM

computer-aided manufacturing

CAPP

computer-aided process planning

CASE

computer-aided software engineering

CFD

computational fluid dynamics

CM

configuration management

CNC

computer numerical control

COO

cost of ownership


DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DfE

design for environment

DfX

design for X

DoD

Department of Defense

DOE

Department of Energy

DR

direct reduction


EAM

embedded atom method



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Retooling Manufacturing: Bridging Design, Materials, and Production Appendix E Acronyms 2D two-dimensional 3D three-dimensional ABC activity based costing AEE advanced engineering environment AIM accelerated insertion of materials ARL Applied Research Laboratory (Pennsylvania State University) ASM American Society for Metals ASME American Society of Manufacturing Engineers AWACS Airborne Warning and Control System BOF basic oxygen furnace BOM bill of materials BSO benzene soluble organic C4ISR command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance CAD computer-aided design CAD component advanced development CADCAE computer-aided design and engineering CADCAM computer-aided design and manufacturing CAE computer-aided engineering CAIV cost as an independent variable CAM computer-aided manufacturing CAPP computer-aided process planning CASE computer-aided software engineering CFD computational fluid dynamics CM configuration management CNC computer numerical control COO cost of ownership DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DfE design for environment DfX design for X DoD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DR direct reduction EAM embedded atom method

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Retooling Manufacturing: Bridging Design, Materials, and Production ECA environmental control systems ECU electronic control unit EMC electromagnetic compatibility EMI electromagnetic interference EMP electromagnetic pulse EPA environmental protection agency EPS environmental priorities system ERP enterprise resources planning E/CAD electrical / electric computer-aided design FEA finite element analysis FEM finite element method; finite element modeling GOALI Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry GUI graphical user interface GNC Guidance, Navigation, and Control HITL hardware-in-the-loop IE industrial ecology IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers INCOSE International Council on Systems Engineering IO input-output IPT integrated product teams IR&D internal research and development ISO International Organization for Standardization IT information technology JSF Joint Strike Fighter LCA life-cycle assessment LCI life-cycle inventory LFT&E live-fire test and evaluation LRIP low-rate initial production MDO multidisciplinary optimization MES manufacturing execution system MITL man-in-the-loop M&S modeling and simulation MFA mass flow analysis M/CAD mechanical computer-aided design NAE National Academy of Engineering NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NAVSEA Naval Air–Sea Systems Command NDE nondestructive evaluation NRC National Research Council OEM original equipment manufacturer OR operations research OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense

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Retooling Manufacturing: Bridging Design, Materials, and Production PDAT propulsor design and analysis tool PDM product data manager PFA process flow analysis PLM product life-cycle management PM program manager RaDEO Rapid Design Exploration and Optimization RANS Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes RM risk management SBA simulation-based acquisition SCM supply chain management SE system engineering SEI Software Engineering Institute (Carnegie Mellon University) SETAC Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry SME subject matter expert SPC statistical process capability SSP simulation support plan STEP simulation test and evaluation program STEP standard for the exchange of product model data TPS thermal protection system USAF United States Air Force UUV unmanned undersea vehicle VV&A verification, validation, and accreditation