simply to give emergency responders better equipment. The technologies discussed in Chapter 4 of this report allow entirely new capabilities to emerge, such as real-time decision-making ability by the on-scene command team at the crisis site. Such capabilities will enable and strengthen multidisciplinary efforts between and among the various emergency responder groups working on crisis management. These motivations are the very same ones that underlie the Army’s transformation program for the Future Force.

Finding 1-2. The Army has developed a number of capabilities that could be used by emergency responders:

  • Relevant technologies from the Army science and technology base;

  • C4ISR systems that have been developed and deployed by the Army;

  • An acquisition system, similar to the Army’s spiral development process, that encompasses identifying needs, funding the required technology, and developing fieldable products;

  • A testing and certification process for new equipment;

  • Training programs;

  • A network-centric operations approach;

  • Exercises (and supporting facilities);

  • Modeling and simulation capabilities; and

  • A process for the development and assessment of doctrine.

REFERENCES

CFR (Council on Foreign Relations). 2003. Emergency Responders: Drastically Underfunded, Dangerously Unprepared. New York, N.Y.: Council on Foreign Relations.

Cohen, R. 2003. DOD Homeland Defense. Available online at <http://proceedings.ndia.org/3500/Cohen_Homeland.pdf>. Accessed April 1, 2004.


DHS (Department of Homeland Security). 2003. National Incident Management System, Initial System. July 18. Washington, D.C.: Department of Homeland Security.


FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). 1997. State Capability Assessment for Readiness. December 10. Washington, D.C.: Federal Emergency Management Agency.


Jackson, B., D.J. Peterson, J. Bartis, T. LaTourrette, I. Brahmakulam, A. Houser, and J. Sollinger. 2002. Protecting Emergency Responders: Lessons Learned from Terrorist Attacks. Available online at <http://www.rand.org/publications/CF/CF176/>. Accessed September 24, 2003.


Lippy, B., and K. Murray. 2002. Improving the Training of Skilled Support Personnel for Responding to Terrorist Actions: A Review of the Problems and Feasible Solutions. December 14. Washington, D.C.: National Clearinghouse for Worker Safety and Health Training.


Matthews, K., and J. Buzby. 2001. Dissecting the challenges of mad cow and foot-and-mouth disease. Agricultural Outlook, AGO-283: 4–6.


NORTHCOM (Northern Command). 2003a. Who We Are—Mission. Available online at <http://www.northcom.mil/index.cfm?fuseaction=s.who_mission>. Accessed March 6, 2004.

NORTHCOM. 2003b. Who We Are—Our Team. Available online at <http://www.northcom.mil/index.cfm?fuseaction=s.who_team>. Accessed November 17, 2003.



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