TERTIARY USERS.

downstream users who do not directly acquire data from government but gain access through others who may merely pass it on or have made major changes to it.

TRANSACTION COSTS.

Costs that include, but are not limited to, time spent on internal meetings, negotiations with vendors, review by lawyers, and the logistics of copying and distributing data to any employee who requests it.


UPLIFT RIGHTS.

Conditions in a license that allow future purchases by specified parties under specified terms and conditions without the need to negotiate a new license.


VALUE CHAIN.

A series of steps in which value is added to raw data through such actions as processing, analysis, and enhanced presentation.

VECTOR DATA.

Representation of real-world themes such as addresses (points), road networks (lines), or land parcels (polygons). The location and shape of the polygon, line, or point is determined by the coordinate position (e.g., latitude/longitude) of its node(s).


WEB SERVICES.

Self-contained, self-describing, modular applications that can be published, located, and invoked across the Web. Web services perform functions that can be anything from simple requests to complicated business processes. Once a Web service is deployed, other applications (and other Web services) can discover and invoke the deployed service (Source: Open GIS Consortium On-Line Glossary, at <http//:www.opengis.org>).



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