Branscomb, Lewis M. and J. Keller. 1998. Investing in Innovation: Creating a Research and Innovation Policy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Branscomb, Lewis M., Kenneth P. Morse, Michael J. Roberts, and Darin Boville. 2000. Managing Technical Risk: Understanding Private Sector Decision Making on Early Stage TechnologyBased Projects. Washington, D.C.: Department of Commerce/National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Brav, A. and P. A. Gompers. 1997. “Myth or reality?: Long-run underperformance of initial public offerings; Evidence from venture capital and nonventure capital-backed IPOs.” Journal of Finance 52:1791–1821.

Brown, G. and J. Turner. 1999. “Reworking the Federal Role in Small Business Research.” Issues in Science and Technology (Summer):51–58.

Bush, Vannevar. 1946. Science—the Endless Frontier. Republished in 1960 by U.S. National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C.


Caves, Richard E. 1998. “Industrial organization and new findings on the turnover and mobility of firms.” Journal of Economic Literature 36(4):1947–1982.

Clinton, William Jefferson. 1994. Economic Report of the President. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Coburn, C. and D. Bergland. 1995. Partnerships: A Compendium of State and Federal Cooperative Technology Programs. Columbus, OH: Battelle.

Cohen, L. R. and R. G. Noll. 1991. The Technology Pork Barrel. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution.

Council of Economic Advisers. 1995. Supporting Research and Development to Promote Economic Growth: The Federal Government’s Role. Washington, D.C.


Davis, S. J., J. Haltiwanger, and S. Schuh. 1994. “Small Business and Job Creation: Dissecting the Myth and Reassessing the Facts.” Business Economics 29(3):113–22.

Dertouzos, M. 1989. Made in America: The MIT Commission on Industrial Productivity. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.


Eckstein. 1984. DRI Report on U.S. Manufacturing Industries. New York: McGraw Hill.

Eisinger, P. K. 1988. The Rise of the Entrepreneurial State: State and Local Economic Development Policy in the United States. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.


Feldman, Maryann P. 1994a. “Knowledge complementarity and innovation.” Small Business Economics 6(5):363–372.

Feldman, Maryann P. 1994b. The Geography of Knowledge. Boston: Kluwer Academic.

Fenn, G. W., N. Liang, and S. Prowse. 1995. The Economics of the Private Equity Market. Washington, D.C.: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

Flamm, K. 1988. Creating the Computer. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution.

Freear, J. and W. E. Wetzel, Jr. 1990. “Who bankrolls high-tech entrepreneurs?” Journal of Business Venturing 5:77–89.

Freeman, Chris and Luc Soete. 1997. The Economics of Industrial Innovation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Galbraith, J. K. 1957. The New Industrial State. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Geroski, Paul A. 1995. “What do we know about entry?” International Journal of Industrial Organization 13(4):421–440.

Gompers, P. A. 1995. “Optimal investment, monitoring, and the staging of venture capital.” Journal of Finance 50:1461–1489.

Gompers, P. A. and J. Lerner. 1996. “The use of covenants: An empirical analysis of venture partnership agreements.” Journal of Law and Economics 39:463–498.

Gompers, P. A. and J. Lerner. 1998. “Capital formation and investment in venture markets: A report to the NBER and the Advanced Technology Program.” Unpublished working paper, Harvard University.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement