Appendix A
National Priorities in Solid-Earth Science


Geoscience Programs and Priorities


  • Characterization of oil and gas reservoirs and geothermal systems

  • Contaminant transport in aquifers

  • Chemical cycles of greenhouse gases and carbon sequestration

  • Advanced computation for the description and prediction of physical systems and processes


  • Pollution and suspended sediment in water

  • Remediation and treatment of the land surface, including soil contamination

  • Science (including geoscience) aimed at monitoring and regulation


  • Prediction and mitigation of natural hazards

  • Climate change


  • National reference for latitude, longitude, height, velocity, and gravity

  • National data centers for climate (including paleoclimate) and geophysics (including solid-earth and marine geophysics)

  • Climate change


  • Structure and composition of the solid earth

  • Evolution of the deep earth

  • Tectonics

  • Continental dynamics

  • Interactions between the planetary interior and exterior

  • Biogeochemical cycles

  • Dynamics at the interfaces of various earth systems

  • Hydrologic sciences

  • Geology, paleontology, petrology, and geochemistry

  • Biocomplexity in the environment


  • Formation and evolution of the earth and similar planets


  • Geologic component of the biosphere (ecosystems and watersheds)

  • Soil geography, surveys, and assessments

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