The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the page image
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
Critical Perspectives on Racial and Ethnic Differences in Health in Late Life
Smith, J.P., and Kington, R. (1997). Demographic and economic correlates of health in old age. Demography,34, 159-170.
U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2000, March). Educational attainment of people 25 years and over by nativity and period of entry, age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Washington, DC: Author.
Verbrugge, L.M., and Jette, A.M. (1994). The disablement process. Social Science and Medicine,38, 1-14.
Warner, D.F., and Hayward, M.D. (2002, May). Race disparities in men’s mortality: The role of childhood social conditions in a process of cumulative disadvantage. Paper presented at the 2002 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Atlanta.
Williams, D.R. (1990). Socioeconomic differentials in health: A review and redirection. Social Psychology Quarterly,53(2), 81-99.
Williams, D.R., and Collins, C. (1995). U.S. socioeconomic and racial differences in health: Patterns and explanations. Annual Review of Sociology,21, 349-386.
Williams, D.R., Lavizzo-Mourey, R., and Warren, R.C. (1994). The concept of race and health status in America. Public Health Reports,109, 26-41.
Winkleby, M.A., Jatulis, D.E., Frank, E., and Fortmann, S.P. (1992). Socioeconomic status and health: How education, income, and occupation contribute to risk factors for cardiovascular disease. American Journal of Public Health,82, 816-20.
Winkleby, M.A., Kraemer, H.C., Ahn, D.K., and Varady, A.N. (1998). Ethnic and socioeconomic differences in cardiovascular disease risk factors: Findings for women from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. Journal of the American Medical Association,280, 356-362.