NRC (National Research Council). 2003a. Biotechnology Research in an Age of Terrorism. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC (National Research Council). 2003b. Countering Agricultural Bioterrorism. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.


Parkhill, J., and C. Berry. 2003. Relative pathogenic values. Nature 423: 23-25.

Petro, J.B., and D.A. Relman. 2003. Understanding threats to scientific openness. Science 302(5652): 1898.

Pizza, M., V. Scarlato, V. Masignani, M.M. Giuliani, B. Arico, M. Comanducci, G.T. Jennings, L. Baldi, E. Bartolini, B. Capecchi, C.L. Galeotti, E. Luzzi, R. Manetti, E. Marchetti, M. Mora, S. Nuti, G. Ratti, L. Santini, S. Savino, M. Scarselli, E. Storni, P. Zuo, M. Broeker, E. Hundt, B. Knapp, E. Blair, T. Mason, H. Tettelin, D.W. Hood, A.C. Jeffries, N.J. Saunders, D.M. Granoff, J.C. Venter, E.R. Moxon, G. Grandi, and R. Rappuoli. 2000. Identification of vaccine candidates against serogroup B meningococcus by whole-genome sequencing. Science 287: 1816-1820.


Rappuoli, R., and A. Covacci. 2003. Reverse vaccinology and genomics. Science 302: 602.

Rosqvist, R., M. Skurnik, and H. Wolf-Watz. 1988. Increased virulence of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis by two independent mutations. Nature 334(6182): 522-524.


Salyers, A. 2002. Science, censorship, and public health. Science 296(5568): 617.

Schrage, M. 2003. Hobbyists play a critical role in the design and diffusion of technology. MIT Technology Review. June, 2003. [Online]. Available: http://www.technologyreview.com/articles/schrage0603.asp


Tettelin, H., N.J. Saunders, J. Heidelberg, A.C. Jeffries, K.E. Nelson, J.A. Eisen, K.A. Ketchum, D.W. Hood, J.F. Peden, R.J. Dodson, W.C. Nelson, M.L. Gwinn, R. DeBoy, J.D. Peterson, E.K. Hickey, D.H. Haft, S.L. Salzberg, O. White, R.D. Fleischmann, B.A. Dougherty, T. Mason, A. Ciecko, D.S. Parksey, E. Blair, H. Cittone, E.B. Clark, M.D. Cotton, T.R. Utterback, H. Khouri, H. Qin, J. Vamathevan, J. Gill, V. Scarlato, V. Masignani, M. Pizza, G. Grandi, L. Sun, H.O. Smith, C.M. Fraser, E.R. Moxon, R. Rappuoli, and J.C. Venter. 2000. Complete genome sequence of Neisseria meningitides serogroup B strain MC58. Science 287: 1809-1815.

Torok, T.J. R.V. Tauxe, R.P. Wise, J.R. Livengood, R. Sokolow, S. Mauvais, K.A. Birkness, M.R. Skeels, J.M. Horan, and L.R. Foster. 1997. A large community outbreak of salmonellosis caused by intentional contamination of restaurant salad bars. Journal of the American Medical Association 278(5): 389-395.


Venter, J.C., S. Levy, T. Stockwell, K. Remington, and A. Halpern. 2003. Massive parallelism, randomness, and genomic advances. Nature Genetics 33(supplement): 219-227.

Vastag, B. 2003. Openness in biomedical research collides with heightened security concerns. Journal of the American Medical Association 289: 686-690.

Voorhis, D.L., S. Dillon, S.B. Formal, and R.R. Isberg. 1991. An O antigen can interfere with the function of the Yersinia pseudotuberculosis invasin protein. Molecular Microbiology 5(2): 317-325.


Weiss, R. 2003. Engineered Virus Related to Smallpox Evades Vaccine. The Washington Post. November 1, 2003.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement