NSF. 2003b. Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2001. NSF 03-316. Arlington, VA: NSF. [On-line.] Available: www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/nsf03316/start.htm [accessed July 18, 2004].

NSF. 2004a. Science and Engineering Indicators 2004. Two volumes: volume 1, NSB 04-1; volume 2, NSB 04-1A. Arlington, VA: National Science Board, NSF. [On-line.] Available: www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/seind04/start.htm [accessed July 18, 2004].

NSF. 2004b. U.S. Academic R&D Continues to Grow as More Universities and Colleges Expand Their R&D Activities (NSF InfoBrief). NSF 04-319. Arlington, VA: NSF. [On-line.] Available: www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/infbrief/nsf04319/start.htm [accessed July 18, 2004].

NVCA (National Venture Capital Association). 2004a. What Is Venture Capital? [Online.] Available: www.nvca.org/def.html [accessed July 12, 2004].

NVCA. 2004b. Venture Capital Stays the Course in Q1 2004 with $4.6 billion Invested (Press Release). [Online.] Available: www.nvca.org/pdf/Q104MTReleaseEmbargoFINAL.pdf [accessed July 12, 2004].


PhRMA (Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America). 1997. New Medicines in Development for Cancer: 1997 Survey. Washington, DC: PhRMA.

PhRMA. 2003. Medicines in Development for Cancer: 2003 Survey. Washington, DC: PhRMA, May. [On-line.] Available: www.phrma.org/newmedicines/resources/2003-05-12.109.pdf [accessed May 20, 2004].

PhRMA. 2004. Pharmaceutical Industry Profile 2004. Washington, DC: PhRMA. [On-line.] Available: www.phrma.org/publications/publications//2004-03-31.937.pdf [accessed May 20, 2004].


R!A (Research!America). 2003. 2001 Investment in U.S. Health Research [Issue Paper]. Alexandria, VA: R!A. Data supplied by Stacie Propst, Ph.D.

R!A. 2004. 2002 Investment in U.S. Health Research [Issue Paper]. Alexandria, VA: R!A. [On-line.] Available: www.researchamerica.org/publications/appropriations/healthdollar2002.pdf [accessed July 18 2004].


U.S. GAO (U.S. General Accounting Office). 2004. Tobacco Settlement: States’ Allocations of Fiscal Year 2003 and Expected Fiscal Year 2004 Payments. GAO-04-518. Washington, DC: GAO. [On-line.] Available: www.gao.gov/new.items/d04518.pdf [accessed July 18, 2004].



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement