American Medical Association (AMA), 14, 20, 34, 36–37, 66, 116

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards, 5, 13, 16, 31–32, 50, 54, 74, 87–88, 91, 111, 122, 129

American Sign Language, 164, 166

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), 5, 18, 79, 110, 117, 122, 182–183

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, 33, 165–166, 172

and accommodation, 172

Amikacin, 64

Aminoglycoside antibiotics, 64, 71

Amplified assistive listening devices, 159–160

Amplified telephones, 159

Anatomy of the auditory system, 45

ANSI. See American National Standards Institute standards

Antibiotics, aminoglycoside, 64

Antimetabolites, and hearing loss, 64

Anxiety, 65

Apgar scores, 62–63

APHAB. See Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit

Appealing SSA decisions, 29

Area (Ar), definition of, 43

Articulation index (AI), 54, 87, 138, 207

improving accuracy of, 123

Articulatory errors, 185

ASHA. See American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Assertiveness, 168

Assessment of ability to identify nonspeech sounds and sound localization, 2

Assessment of hearing disability, handicap, and benefit from interventions, 175–177

appropriate uses of self-assessment instruments, 178

health-related quality of life, 176–177

quality of life, 176

Assessment of the auditory system and its functions, 69–100

assessment of auditory function, 73–100

standard otolaryngological examination, 69–73

Assistive listening devices (ALDs), 140, 159–162, 203

acoustic, 159

alerting, 160

amplified, 159–160

reluctance to utilize, 160

ASSR. See Auditory steady-state response

Audibility of hearing aids, 207–208

Audiograms, 13, 49, 96, 222

procedures for, 118–119

Audiological criteria for implantation in adults, of cochlear implants, 152–153

Audiologists, 66, 90, 111–112, 129

clinical, 5, 20

Audiometric diagnostic evaluation, 15, 133, 190–195

auditory brainstem response, 193

auditory steady-state response, 193–194

immittance audiometry, 194–195

otoacoustic emissions, 192–193

protocol for persons not using a hearing aid or cochlear implant, 134–135

protocol for persons using a hearing aid or cochlear implant, 135–136

threshold audiometry, 190–192

Audiometric scores, 185

Audiometry, 65, 112

pure-tone threshold, 74–77

speech, 77–86

Auditory awareness, 205

Auditory brainstem implants (ABI), 159

Auditory brainstem response (ABR) threshold, 7, 95–97, 112, 190–192, 193, 214, 221

infant, 97, 189

Auditory cues, speech recognition with, 87–89

Auditory evoked potentials (AEPs), 74, 95–98

infant auditory brainstem response, 97

Auditory feedback, delayed, 99

Auditory function assessment, 73–100

acoustic immittance measures, 91–95

assessment when exaggerated hearing loss suspected, 99–100

auditory evoked potentials, 95–98

listener performance on speech recognition tests, 86–87

multicultural and multilingual issues in evaluation of speech recognition, 89–91

multiple conditions, 100

pure-tone threshold audiometry, 74–77

speech audiometry, 77–86

speech recognition with auditory and visual cues, 87–89



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement