programs, such as energy and water management and assistance in information technology and agribusiness, help nurture this development.
Various private organizations such as the Gulbenkian, Lincy, MacArthur, and Gates foundations and Armenian national groups such as the Union of Armenians of Russia and the U.S.-based Armenian General Benevolent Union and the Armenian National Science and Educational Fund provide limited support either directly or indirectly for the development of science in Armenia. NATO and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe support scientific research and technology development projects in Armenia, such as the South Caucasus River Monitoring Project, but these investments are not large. Similarly, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) support small, individual projects. One UNDP grant was to support a project at the Institute for Informatics and Automation Problems, and a UNESCO grant ($8,000) went to the Center for Ecological-Noosphere Studies to identify priority sites for biosphere reserves.