she was the Executive Director of the American Statistical Association. Prior to that, she was the Associate Director for Statistical Standards and Methodology at the Bureau of the Census. She is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She is a past President of the American Statistical Association and of the International Association of Survey Sampling, and a former Vice-President of the International Statistical Institute. She has published many articles on censuses and surveys in a variety of publications.

Wesley M. Cohen is professor of economics and management at the Fuqua School of Business at Duke University, as well as a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He has also served as an economist at the Energy Information Agency of the U.S. Department of Energy. His research interests focus on the economics of technological change and industrial organization economics. His published work explores many facets of industrial research and development policy and the economic roots of innovation, and he utilizes the NSF R&D data extensively in his research and writing. He has a Ph.D. in economics from Yale University (1981).

Fred Gault is the director of the Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division at Statistics Canada, where he is responsible for the development of statistics on all aspects of research, development, invention, innovation, and diffusion of technologies. He is a fellow of the Institute of Physics and a member of the British Computer Society. He is chairman of the Committee of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and was chairman of the Working Party on Indicators for the Information Society at the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development from its beginning in 1997 until 2002. He has a B.Sc. in economics and a Ph.D. in mathematical physics from the University of London.

Marisa A. Gerstein is a research assistant with the Committee on National Statistics. She has worked on numerous projects, including panels on elder mistreatment, nonmarket accounts, research and development statistics, and the 2000 and 2010 decennial censuses. She has a B.A. in sociology from the New College of Florida.

Jay Hakes is director of the Jimmy Carter Library and Museum in Atlanta. From 1993 to 2000 he served as an administrator of the Energy Information Administration in the U.S. Department of Energy. In that position, he oversaw the collection, dissemination, and publication of the national energy data series. His areas of interest include statistical survey management,

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