for 26 years, working for airframe manufacturers and avionics suppliers. In addition to his DER certificate, he has a B.S.E.E., a master’s in software engineering, and a commercial pilot’s license.

Reed Gardner is a professor and chair of the Department of Medical Informatics at the University of Utah. He has been a codirector of medical computing at LDS, Cottonwood, and Alta View Hospitals in Salt Lake City. He is one of the principal developers and evaluators of the medical expert system known as HELP (Health Evaluation through Logical Processing). Gardner’s primary academic and research interests are evaluating the benefits of medical expert systems as they relate to quality and cost-effectiveness; development of software oversight committee methods for evaluation of safety and effectiveness of medical software and systems; public health informatics; applying computers in intensive care medicine; and developing devices and communications methods to acquire patient data at the bedside. He is the author or coauthor of more than 300 articles in the fields of medical informatics and engineering. Gardner has been a journal editor and on the editorial boards of Critical Care Medicine and other critical care journals as well as the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association (JAMIA). He is a fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics and past president of the American Medical Informatics Association. Gardner holds a B.S.E.E. from the University of Utah (1960) in electrical engineering and Ph.D. from the University of Utah (1968) in biophysics and bioengineering.

Peter Lee is a professor of computer science at Carnegie Mellon University. He joined the faculty of Carnegie Mellon’s School of Computer Science in 1987, after completing his doctoral studies at the University of Michigan. He is known internationally for his research contributions in areas related to information assurance, especially the application of programming language technology to operating systems design, networking, and computer security. Lee is best known for his co-invention of the “proof-carrying code” technology for ensuring the security of mobile code. Today, proof-carrying code is the subject of several DARPA- and NSF-sponsored research projects and forms the basis for the products and services provided by Cedilla Systems Incorporated, a Java technology start-up company he cofounded in 1999. Lee is also the associate dean for undergraduate education in Carnegie Mellon’s School of Computer Science. In this capacity, he has been involved in the administration of Carnegie Mellon’s undergraduate programs in computer science. His tenure as associate dean has seen the undergraduate program rise to national prominence, both for its intensive problem-oriented curriculum and for its success in attracting and retaining women in the field of computer science. He has published extensively in major international symposia and is the author of two books. He has been invited to give distinguished lectures and keynote addresses at major universities and symposia and has been called on as an expert witness in key judicial court cases such as the Sun v. Microsoft “Java lawsuit.” Lee has also been a member of the Army Science Board since 1997, for which he has served on four major summer studies, and a Technology Panel cochair for the 2001 Defense Science Board study on Defense Science and Technology. In addition to holding M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in computer and communication sciences, Lee earned a B.S. in mathematics from the University of Michigan in 1982. He has been a principal investigator on several DARPA, NSF, and NASA grants and contracts.

Steven B. Lipner is director of security engineering strategy at Microsoft. He was previously the head of Microsoft’s Security Response Center. He will be responsible for defining Microsoft's security development processes and plans for their application to new product generations. His team will also define and execute new programs to help Microsoft customers deploy and operate their systems securely. Lipner, who was previously the director of security assurance, has been at Microsoft since 1999. He joined the company after working at the MITRE Corp. and Digital Equipment Corp., among others. He has almost 30 years’ experience in computer and network

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