all” or “cookbook” approach cannot be used. Instead, the resource manager or decision maker who is conducting a study or evaluating the results of a valuation study must assess how well the study is designed in the context of the specific problem it seeks to address. In this regard, Chapter 7 provides a checklist to aid in this assessment that identifies questions that should be openly discussed and satisfactorily resolved in the course of the valuation exercise.

Finally, Chapter 7 identifies what the committee feels are the most pressing recommendations for improving the estimation of ecosystem values and their use in decisions regarding ecosystem protection, preservation, or restoration. These overarching recommendations are based on, and in some cases build on, the more specific recommendations presented at the ends of the previous chapters; they include (1) overarching recommendations for conducting ecosystem valuation and (2) overarching research needs, which imply recommendations regarding future research funding.

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