Global Environmental Change: Research Pathways for the Next Decade (1999a)

Provides guidance on formulating a framework for future U. S. research on global environmental change. The report recommends improving decisions on global change, more specifically, how to improve the estimation of nonmarket values of environmental resources and their incorporation into national accounts. It also provides suggestions for how to bring formal analyses together with judgments and to better respond to decision- making needs

Nature’s Numbers (1999b)

Recommends how to incorporate environmental and other nonmarket measures into the nation's income and product accounts. The report explores alternative approaches to environmental accounting, including those used internationally, and addresses issues such as how to measure the stocks of natural resources and how to value nonmarket activities and assets. Specific applications to subsoil minerals, forests, and clean air illustrate how the general principles can be applied

Ecological Indicators for the Nation (2000a)

Provides a framework for selecting indicators that define ecological conditions and processes, along with recommendations on several specific indicators for gauging the integrity of the nation’s ecosystems. Specifically, the report lists five indicators for ecological functioning: (1) production capacity as a measure of the energy- capturing capacity of the terrestrial ecosystems; (2) net primary production, a measure of the amount of energy and carbon that has been brought into the ecosystem; (3) carbon storage, the amount sequestered or released by ecosystems; (4) stream oxygen, an indicator of the ecological functioning of flowing- water ecosystems; and (5) trophic status of lakes, an indicator for aquatic productivity. In addition to these five indicators, soil condition, land use, and their relationship to ecosystem functioning are also discussed

Watershed Management for Potable Water Supply: Assessing the New York City Strategy (2000b)

Evaluates the New York City Watershed Memorandum of Agreement (MOA), a comprehensive watershed management plan that allows the city to avoid filtration of its large upstate surface water supply. Many of the report’s recommendations are broadly applicable to surface water supplies across the country, including those concerning target buffer zones, stormwater management, water quality monitoring, and effluent trading. One of its recommendations is for New York City to lead efforts in quantifying the contributions of watershed management to overall reduction of risk from watersheds from waterborne pathogens



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