Summary of Content Relevant to Committee’s Charge

Assessing the TMDL Approach to Water Quality Management (2001a)

Reviews the scientific basis underlying the development and implementation of the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency’s total maximum daily load (TMDL) program for water pollution reduction. The report includes a section on decision uncertainty that discusses a broad-based approach to address water resource problems in order to arrive at a more integrative diagnosis of the cause of degradation

Compensating for Wetland Losses Under the Clean Water Act (2001b)

Evaluates mitigation practices as a means to restore or maintain the quality of the nation’s wetlands in the context of the Clean Water Act. The report discusses the array of approaches to and issues associated with wetlands functional assessment in relation to the national goals of “no net loss of wetlands”

Envisioning the Agenda for Water Resources Research in the Twenty- First Century (2001c)

Discusses the future of the nation’s water resources and appropriate research needed to promote sustainable management of these resources. The report recommends developing new methods for estimating the value of nonmarketed attributes of water resources

Riparian Areas: Functions and Strategies for Management (2002)

Examines the structures and functioning of riparian areas, including impacts of human activities on riparian areas, the legal status, and the potential for management and restoration of these areas. The report discusses the environmental services of riparian areas; that is, fundamental ecological processes that they provide in the presence or absence of humans. It concludes that few federal statutes refer expressly to riparian values and as a consequence, generally do not require or ensure protection of these areas. Further, it recommends that Congress enact legislation that recognizes the values of riparian areas and directs federal land management and regulatory agencies to give greater priority to their protection

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