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References Abernathy, R. P. 1960. Studies on the nutrient requirements of mink. Ph.D. dissertation. Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y. Abramov, M. D. 1950. Nauchnye trudy TSNIL pushnogo zverovod- stva. Vyp. 5 (Cited by Perel'dik et al., 1972~. Adair, J. 1955. Mink nutrition research. Oreg. Agric. Exp. Stn. Prog. Rep. No. 5. Adair, J., F. M. Stout, and J. E. Oldfield. 1959. New developments in mink nutrition. Oreg. Agric. Exp. Stn. Misc. Pap. 80. Adair, J., F. M. Stout, and J. E. Oldfield. 1966. Mink nutrition research, 1965. Progress report. Special report 207. Oregon State University, Corvallis. Adair, J., N. B. Wehr, F. M. Stout, and J. E. Oldfield. 1974. Effects of oral iron supplementation on prevention of formaldehyde- induced and hake-induced anemia in mink. Mink Farmers Res. Found. Prog. Rep. Milwaukee, Wis. Adair, J., N. Wehr, and J. Oldfield. 1977. Investigation of possible toxic effects of high levels of vitamin A in contribution to early kit loss. Mink Farmers Res. Found. Prog. Rep. Milwaukee, Wis. Lehman, G. 1959. Digestibility experiments with mink. Vara Palsdjur 1:4. Ahman, G. 1961. Minkuppfodning. Nordisk handbok for minkupp- fodare. Edited by A. Lund. LTs Forlag, Stockholm. 303 pp. Lehman, G. 1965. Sojaolja som fader til mink. (Soybean meal as feed for mink.) Vara Palsdjur 36:2541. Lehman, G. 1966. Minkopdraet. 2nd ed. In: Dansk Pelsdyravlerforen- ing, Glostrup, Denmark, pp. 88-145. Lehman, G. 1967. Forsook med olika protein-, felt- och kolhydrathalt i foderblandninger til mink av olika typ under reproduktion- sperioden. Rapport no. 52 1002 fra lantbrukshogskolan, Uppsala, Sweden. Ahman, G. 1972. fern og Lobber Ill mink. Dansk Pelsdyravl. 35:159. Nhman, G., and K.-E. Kull. 1962. Provning av magnesium- bromalkylkvicksilverklorid i foder Ill mink. (Studies on magnesium- bromalkylmercurichloride in feed for mink.) Int. Rep. S.P.R., Inst. f. Husdj. Utf. O. yard Palsdjursavdelningen. 5 pp. Aitken, F. C. 1963. Feeding of forbearing animals. Tech. Commun. No. 23. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Farnham Royal, England. 105 pp. Akimova, T. I. 1969. Nauchnye trudy Nil pushnogo zverodstva; Kroli- kovodstva. (Scientific reports of Nil on the breeding of fur animals and rabbits.) t.8. Allen, M. R. P., E. V. Evans, and I. R. Sibbald. 1964. Energy-protein relationships in the diets of growing mink. Can. J. Physiol. Phar- macol. 42:733. Allison, J. B. 1949. Biological evaluation of proteins. Adv. Prot. Chem. 5:194. Amano, K., and K. Yamada. 1964. A biological formation of formal- dehyde in the muscle tissue of gadoid fish. Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish. 30:430. Anonymous. 1957. A case report of the botulism outbreak in the northwest. Nat. Fur News 29:12. Astrakhantsev, V. E 1967. Liver dystrophy caused by aflatoxin in mink. Drolikovod Zwerovod 10:34. Aulerich, R. J., and R. K. Ringer. 1970. Some effects of chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides on mink. Am. Fur Breeder 43:10. Aulerich, R. J., and R. K. Ringer. 1977. Current status of PCB toxic- ity to mink, and effect on their reproduction. Arch. Environ. Con- tam. Toxicol. 6:279. Aulerich, R. J., G. Shelts, and P. J. Schaible. 1963. Influence of dietary calcium level on the incidence of urinary incontinence and "wet belly" in mink. Mich. Agric. Exp. Stn. Q. Bull. 45:444. Aulerich, R. J., R. K. Ringer, and S. Iwamoto. 1973. Reproductive failure and mortality in mink fed on Great Lakes fish. J. Reprod. Fert. Suppl. 19:365. Aulerich, R. J., 11. K. Ringer, and S. Iwamoto. 1974. Effects of die- tary mercury on mink. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 2:43. Aulerich, R. J., M. R. Bleavins, A. C. Napolitano, and R. K. Ringer. 1981. Feeding spray-dried eggs to mink and its effects on reproduc- tion and fur quality. Feedstuffs Quly 6~:24-28. Bassett, C. F. 1951. U.S. Burl Anim. Ind., Fur Anim. Exp. Stn., Saratoga Springs, N.Y. Unpublished data. Bassett, C. F., and R. G. Warner. 1962. Antibiotics and mink size. Am. Fur Breeder 35~9~:18. Bassett, C. F., L. E. Harris, and C. F. Wilke. 1946. A comparison of carotene and vitamin A utilization by the fox. Cornell Vet. 36:16. Bassett, C. F., J. K. Loosli, and C. F. Wilke. 1948. The vitamin A re- quirement of growing foxes and minks as influenced by ascorbic acid and potatoes. J. Nutr. 35:629. Bassett, C. F., L. E. Harris, and C. F. Wilke. 1951. Effect of various levels of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D intake on bone growth. II. Minks. J. Nutr. 44:433. Belcher, J., E. V. Evans, and I. C. Budd. 1958. The feeding of fresh- water fish to mink. Res. Rep. Ser. No. 1. Ontario Agricultural Col- lege and Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario. 32 pp. Berzins, J. 1957. Trace elements salts in ration of fur bearing animals. Latviyas PSR Zinatnu Akad. Vistis (6~:55-58. Berzins, J. 1967. Copper salts used in animal nutrition. J. Biol. Roll Medi., Simp. 1967 (Pub. 1970) 212. 67

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68 Nutrient Requirements of Mink and Foxes Borgstrom, G. 1961. Fish as food. New York: Academic Press. Borst, G. H. A., and C. G. van Lieshout. 1977. Phenylmercuric ace- tate intoxication in mink. Scientifur 1 (4) :46 (Abstr. ~ . Bowman, A. L., H. F. Travis, R. G. Warner, and D. E. Hogue. 1968. Vitamin Be requirement of the mink. J. Nutr. 95:554. Breirem, K., H. Hvidsten, and I. Hole. 1955. Antibiotics in animal nutrition. R. Agric. Coil. Norway, Div. Animal Nutr. Rep. No. 152; Div. Poult. Fur Anim. Rep. No. 22. Bukovskaya, Z. I. 1969. Use of trace element additives in the ration of young foxes. Uch. Zap. Yakutsh. Gos. Univ. 1969:36. Chwalibog, A., N. Glem-Hansen, S. Henckel, and G. Thorbek. 1979. Energy metabolism in adult mink in relation to protein-energy levels and environmental temperature. Proc. 8th Symp. on Energy Metabolism, Cambridge, England. 5 pp. Chou, C. C., and E. H. Marth. 1976. Growth of mink (M~stela bison) kits when nursing dams given aflatoxin Be. Am. J. Vet. 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Fur Breeder 43:15. Duby, R. T., and H. F. Travis. 1971. Influence of dienestrol diacetate on reproductive performance of female mink (Mustela bison). Am. J. Vet. Res. 32:1599. Duby, R. T., H. F. Travis, and C. E. Terrill. 1971. Uterotropic activ- ity of DDT in rats and mink and its influence on reproduction in the rat. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 18:348. Ender, F., and A. Helgebostad. 1939. Experimental beriberi in the silver fox. Skand. Vet.-Tidska. 29:1232. Ender, F., and A. Helgebostad. 1951. Continued investigations of the effect of feeding on the fur quality of the silver fox. III. Norsk. Pelsdyrblad 25:193. Ender, F., and A. Helgebostad. 1953. Yellow fat disease in fur bearing animals. Proc. XV. Int. Vet. Cong. Stockholm. 1 Pt. 1, 636. Ender, F., and A. Helgebostad. 1975. Unsaturated dietary fat and lipoperoxides as etiological factors in vitamin E deficiency in mink. Acta Vet. Scand. 1975, 16 Suppl. 55. Ender, E., G. Harve, A. Helgebostad, N. Koppang, R. Madsen, and L. Cell. 1964. Isolation and identification of hepatotoxic factor in herring meal produced from sodium nitrite preserved herring. Naturwissenschaften 51:637. Ender, F., I. W. Dishington, R. Madsen, and A. Helgebostad. 1972. Iron-deficiency anemia in mink fed raw marine fish-a five year study. Advances in animal physiology and animal nutrition. Suppl. to Zeitschrift fur Tierphysiologie, Tierernahrung und Futtermit- telkunde. Erway, L. C., and S. E. Mitchell. 1973. Prevention of otolith defect in pastel mink by manganese supplementation. J. lIered. 64:111. Evans, E. V. 1963. Energy and protein requirements of growing mink. Unpublished data. Evans, E. V. 1964a. The energy requirements of the mink. Western Fur Farmer 3:14. Evans, E. V. 1964b. Studies on energy and protein requirements of growing mink. Unpublished data. Evans, E. V. 1964c. Digestibility studies with mink. Unpublished data. Evans, E. V. 1967a. Optimum levels of gross energy in diets for grow- ing mink. Unpublished data. Evans, E. V. 1967b, 1976, 1977. Determinations of metabolizable energy in mink diets and feed ingredients. Unpublished data. Evans, E. V., and H. F. Travis. 1967. Collaborative study of energy and protein requirements of growing mink. Unpublished data. Evans, E. V., J. Belcher, and J. C. Budd. 1961. The suitability of various fats in rations for reproduction and growth of mink. Res. Rep. Ser. No. 2. Ontario Agricultural College and Ontario Veteri- nary College, Guelph, Ontario. 11 pp. Farrell, D. G., and A. J. Wood. 1968. The nutrition of the female mink (Mustela bison). II. The energy requirement for maintenance. Can. J. Zool. 46:47. Firstov, A. A., and P. A. Kharitonov. 1957. Karakulevodstvo i zverovodstvo. No. 2 (Cited by Perel'dik et al., 1972~. Fraps, R. M., R. Hertz, and W. H. Sebrell. 1943. Relationship be- tween ovarian function and avidin content in the oviduct of the hen. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 52:140. Friend, D. W., and E. W. Crampton. 1961a. 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70 Nutrient Requirements of Mink and Foxes Koppang, N. 1974b. Toxic effects of dimethylnitrosamine in cows. J. Nat. Cancer Inst. s2 s23. Koppang, N. 1974c. The toxic effects of dimethylnitrosamine in sheep. Acta Vet. Scand. 15 533. Koppang, N., and A. Helgebostad. 1972. Aflatoxin intoxication in mink. Nord. Vet. Med. 24 213. Koppang, N., and H. Rimeslatten. 1976. Toxic and carcinogenic ef- fects of nitrosodimethylamine in mink, pp. 443-4s2. In E. A. Walker, P. Bogovski, and L. Griciute, eds., Environmental N-nitroso compounds analysis and formation. Lyon (IARC Sci. Publ. No. 14~. Kringstad, H., and G. Lunde. 1940. Vitamin Be deficiency in silver foxes. Norsk. Pelsdyrblad 14:5. Kull, K. E., and K. Moberg. 1952. The frequency of food poisoning due to botulism in mink in Sweden in 1951. Nord. Vet. Med. 4:771. Kuusi, T. 1963. On the occurrence of thiaminase in Baltic herring. Valtion Teknillinen Tutkimuslaitos. The State Institute for Techni- cal Research. Helsinki, Finland. Tiedotus. 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