Appendix A
Tables on Contaminants at Army and Other Facilities



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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation Appendix A Tables on Contaminants at Army and Other Facilities

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation TABLE A-1 Contaminants Reported at the Most Severely Contaminated Army Sites Installation Number of Sites Contaminants Media Affected Source Remediation Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 254 VOCs, SVOCs, metals (Hg), PCBs, explosives, pesticides, UXO, radiation, chemical weapons/munitions, biological warfare material Groundwater (GW), surface water (SW), Sediment (Sed), Soil Removal of soils, underground storage tanks (USTs), dump debris, and UXO Alabama Army Ammunition Plant, AL many Nitroaromatic compounds, heavy metals (Pb), munitions-related waste (explosives), PCBs GW, SW, Sed, Soil Incineration and cell storage of contaminated soils Anniston Army Depot, AL 47 VOCs, heavy metals, phenols, petroleum HCs, acids, caustics GW, Soil Removal of soils; hydrogen peroxide injection treatment; SIA GW treatment system Camp Bonneville, WA 14 AOCs POLs, solvents, UXO Soil Removal of USTs, debris (drums), and soil Fort Chaffee, AR many POLs, DDT, chlordane, TCE GW, Soil Removal of USTs, oil–water separators, wash racks, fuel fill stands, and soil; open burning and detonation Fort Dix, NJ many Heavy metals, POLs, chlorinated solvents, PCBs GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of USTs and soil Fort Eustis, VA 27 Petroleum HCs, PCBs, VOCs, pesticides, heavy metals GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of USTs and soil; use of pneumatic pumps and passive skimmers for petroleum removal

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation Fort George G. Meade, MD many Heavy metals, petroleum HCs, VOCs, UXO, asbestos GW, Soil Removal of aboveground storage tanks (ASTs), buildings, pits, petroleum drums, and soil Fort Lewis, WA many VOCs (TCE), PCBs, heavy metals, waste oils and fuels, coal liquefaction wastes, PAHs, solvents, battery electrolytes GW, Soil GW extraction and treatment systems; P&T systems; removal of TCE drums (air sparging and soil vapor extraction systems shut down in 1999) Fort McClellan, AL 67 VOCs [(TCE and pentachloroethane (PCA)], SVOCs, pesticides, explosives, metals (Pb), UXO, radioactive sources, nonstockpile chemical material GW, Soil Removal of USTs; removal actions at pistol ranges Fort Ord, CA 61 VOCs (carbon tetrachloride); petroleum HCs, heavy metals (Pb), pesticides GW, Soil Removal of “waste”; recycling of Pb; GW P&T systems Fort Richardson, AK 38 White phosphorus, PCBs, heavy metals, POLs, solvents (TCE), dioxins, chemical agents, UXO, explosives, pesticides GW, Soil Removal of USTs, buried drums, and soil; thermal desorption; heat-enhanced soil vapor extraction; pond draining (to reduce white P) Fort Riley, KS many Solvents, pesticides, Pb GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of soil and incinerators; performed soil vapor extraction pilot test and free-product recovery pilot test Fort Ritchie, MD many UXO, heavy metals, (Pb), asbestos GW, Soil Removal of USTs, lead paint, and asbestos Fort Sheridan, IL many Fuel HCs, PAHs, metals, UXO GW, Soil Removal of USTs and soil; performed UXO “clearances” Fort Wainwright, AK many POLs, heavy metals, solvents, pesticides, paints, UXO, ordnance compounds, chemical agents GW, Soil Removal of soil, drums, fire training pits, and structures; use of air-sparging curtain; removed and recycled old air sparging/soil vapor extraction systems

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation Installation Number of Sites Contaminants Media Affected Source Remediation Fort Wingate, NM many Explosive compounds, UXO, PCBs, pesticides, heavy metals, asbestos, lead-based paint, nitrates (from TNT) GW, Soil Removal of soil; disposal of PCB-contaminated building materials; clearance of UXO from Indian tribal lands Hamilton Army Airfield, CA many Metals, VOCs, SVOCs, fuel HCs, POLs, PCBs, PAHs, pesticides GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of USTs and soil; removal of onshore fuel lines; flushing, sealing, and abandoning offshore fuel lines Hingham Annex, MA many POLs, heavy metals, VOCs, PCBs, asbestos GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of USTs, ASTs, oil–water separator, and soil; use of asphalt batching technology Iowa Army Ammunition Plant, IA 42 Explosives, heavy metals (Pb), VOCs, pesticides GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of ASTs and soil; excavation and off-site incineration of soils; excavation of explosives-contaminated sumps; creation of wetlands and use of phytoremediation; use of low-temp. thermal desorption; “treatment” of explosives- and metal-contaminated soils Jefferson Proving Ground, IN many Solvents, petroleum HCs, VOCs, PCBs, heavy metals, depleted uranium, UXO GW, Soil Removal of USTs; “treatment” of soil; UXO removal operations Joliet Army Ammunition Plant, IL 53 Explosives, heavy metals, VOCs, PCBs, TNT GW, Soil Removal of sludge and soil; removal of UXO debris

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation Lake City Army Ammunition Plant, MO 73 Explosives, heavy metals, solvents, POLs GW, Soil Removal action for sumps; P&T system; extraction wells Letterkenny, PA many VOCs, POLs, PCBs, metals (Hg), explosives, asbestos GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of fire-training pits, oil burn pits, and other soils; low-temp. thermal treatment Lexington-Blue Grass Army Depot, KY 67 VOCs, SVOCs, heavy metals (Pb), PCBs, pesticides, herbicides, asbestos GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of USTs, transformers, asbestos, soil, and lagoon sludge Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant, TX many VOCs, petroleum, heavy metals, explosives GW, Soil Removal of soil, cisterns, and fuel storage areas; soil “decontamination” Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant, LA 7 Oils, grease, degreasers (TCE), phosphates, solvents, metal plating sludges, acids, fly ash, TNT, RDX, HMX GW, SW, Sed, Soil Incineration of explosives-contaminated soil Milan Army Ammunition Plant, TN 38 Munitions-related wastes GW, Soil Soil excavation; bioremediation of soil; constructed landfill for bioremediated soil; GW treatment plant (granular activated carbon) Military Ocean Terminal, Bayonne, NJ 67 Petroleum HCs, BTEX, VOCs, SVOCs, dieldrin, heavy metals, PCBs, asbestos GW, Soil Removal of USTs, ASTs, soil–water separators, asbestos from buildings, and soil Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 156 VOCs, explosives, PCBs, heavy metals, arsenic GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of USTs, buried drums, contaminated pipe, and soil; use of GW extraction and treatment system; use of GW P&T system

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation Installation Number of Sites Contaminants Media Affected Source Remediation Pueblo Chemical Depot, CO many (29 potential UXO sites) Heavy metals, POLs, VOCs, SVOCs, pesticides, explosives, PCBs, and UXO GW, Soil Removal of soil; decontamination, demolition, and removal of buildings; GW extraction and treatment systems; sheet-pile barriers; soil bioremediation Red River Army Depot, TX many TCE, pesticides, metals GW, SW, Sed Removal of soil and lagoon sludge Redstone Arsenal, AL 298 (216 Army; 82 Marshall Space Flt.) Heavy metals, solvents, chemical weapons/munitions, pesticides GW, SW, Sed, Soil GW extraction and treatment system; air strippers; soil vapor extraction systems; construction of industrial septic tank system Riverbank Army Ammunition Plant, CA 6 Chromium, cyanide, zinc GW, Soil Removal action at evaporation and percolation ponds; ion exchange system in GW treatment system; GW extraction system Rocky Mountain Arsenal, CO 209 Pesticides, chemical agents, VOCs, chlorinated organics, PCBs, UXO, heavy metals, solvents, asbestos GW, Soil Removal of drums, soil, and asbestos materials; GW excavation and treatment systems; chemical and sanitary sewer plugging; off-post soil tillage Sacramento Army Depot, CA 16 Waste oil and grease, solvents, metal plating wastes, caustics, cyanide, metals GW, Soil Removal of soil; soil vapor extraction systems; air sparging; GW extraction and treatment systems Savanna Army Depot, IL many Explosives, metals (Pb), solvents POLs, VOCs, UXO, pesticides, TNT GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of soil; high-temp. thermal treatment; incineration of TNT-contaminated sediment

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation Seneca Army Depot, NY 36 Chlorinated solvents (TCE), radioactive isotopes, heavy metals, petroleum HCs GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of USTs and soil Stratford Army Engine Plant, CT many PCBs, asbestos, fuel-related VOCs, solvents, metals (hexavalent chromium), PAHs GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of USTs Sudbury Training Annex, MA 74 VOCs, PCBs, pesticides, heavy metals, arsenic, asbestos, UXO GW, Soil Removal of drums, USTs, debris, and soil Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant, KS many Nitrates, sulfates, lead, chromium, propellants GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of USTs and soil; cleanup of asbestos dump Tobyhanna Army Depot, PA many Heavy metals, VOCs, PCBs, POLs, UXO GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of soil and sewage drying beds Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant, MN 25 VOCs, PCBs, heavy metals GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of soil; soil vapor extraction system; SVE air sparging system U.S. Army Soldiers System Center, MA many Pesticides, herbicides, pentachlorophenol, solvents, VOCs (TCE) GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of waste oil storage tanks, pavement, and soil Umatilla Chemical Depot, OR 80 Explosives, UXO, heavy metals (Pb), pesticides, nitrates GW, Soil Removal of USTs; bioremediation (by windrow composting) of contaminated soils   SOURCE: Defense Environmental Restoration Program: Annual Report to Congress FY2001

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation TABLE A-2 Contaminants Reported at Other Military Installations Site Number of Sites Contaminants Media Affected Source Remediation Andrews AFB, MD 22 Heavy metals (Ni), SVOCs, VOCs PAHs, PCBs, pesticides SW Soil removal Bangor Naval Submarine Base, ME 22 Residual TNT, RDX, Otto fuel, VOCs GW, Sed, Soil Removal of soils and USTs; P&T systems; closed loop passive soil washing system with granular activated carbon Barbers Point Naval Air Station, HI 17 PCBs, heavy metals (Pb), petroleum HCs, pesticides, solvents, asbestos GW, Soil Removal of USTs Barstow Marine Corps Logistics Base, CA 38 Heavy metals, PCBs, petroleum HCs, pesticides, herbicides, chlorinated VOCs (TCE) GW, Soil Removal of USTs and industrial waste sludge Bergstrom AFB, TX 30 + 454 AOCs Chlorinated VOCs (TCE), pesticides, petroleum HCs, metals, low-level radioactive wastes GW, Soil Removal of USTs, ASTs, soil, radioactive wastes; soil vapor extraction and air sparging systems Camp Lejeune MCB, NC 176 Battery acid, fuels, used oils, paints, thinners, PCBs, pesticides, solvents, metals GW, SW, Sed, Soil Remediation systems at 23 sites Castle AFB, CA many TCE, PCBs, POLs, pesticides, cyanide, cadmium GW, Soil Removal of soil and USTs; soil vapor extraction systems; oil–water separators; P&T systems; bioventing systems

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation Hanscom AFB, MA 22 VOCs, chlorinated solvents, gasoline, jet fuel, tetraethyl PB, PCBs, Hg GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of soil and USTs; GW/product recovery and soil vapor extraction Hill AFB, UT 106 Solvents (TCE), sulfuric and chromic acids, metals, petroleum HCs GW, SW, Sed, Soil P&T systems Homestead, AFB, FL 26 before/ 540 after hurricane Metals (Pb), VOCs, cyanide, pesticides, solvents, PCBs GW, Soil Removal of USTs and soil; GW extraction and treatment; removal of oil–water separators; remedial bioventing systems Lakehurst Naval Air Engineering Station, NJ 45 Fuels, PCBs, solvents (TCE), waste oils GW, Soil Removal of soil, drums, tanks, and debris; soil washing, asphalt batching, solar-powered soil irrigation and sparge treatment systems; P&T; vapor extraction; soil bioventing Langley AFB, VA 45 Petroleum HCs, chlordane, PCBs, heavy metals, solvents GW, SW, Sed, Soil Removal of USTs and soil; soil vapor extraction system   SOURCE: Defense Environmental Restoration Program: Annual Report to Congress FY2001

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation TABLE A-3 Prevalence of Organic Contaminants of Concern at Army Installations   Chlorinated Solvents Explosives Installation PCE TCE cis-1,2-DCEa 1,2-DCA TCAb DNT TNT HMX RDX Aberdeen Proving Ground X X X X X X X X X Alabama AAP           X X     Anniston AD X X               Badger AAP         X X       Blue Grass Army Depot             X X X Blue Grass Army Depot-Lexington X                 Cameron Station   X               Camp Bonneville                 X Camp Bullis   X               Camp Crowder   X X   X         Camp Kilmer X X X             Camp Navajo             X     Camp Roberts X X               Cold Regions Research Lab   X               Cornhusker AAP         X   X   X Devens Reserve Training Facility         X         Dugway Proving Ground X X     X X X X X Floyd Wets Site         X         Fort Belvoir                   Fort Benning   X     X         Fort Bliss                   Fort Bragg X X         X     Fort Campbell   X               Fort Carson X X X X X   X     Fort Des Moines X                

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation Fort Detrick X X       X     X Fort Dix X X X             Fort Drum       X           Fort Eustis   X     X         Fort Gillem X X   X X         Fort Gordon X X X X   X       Fort Jackson X X X             Fort Knox   X X             Fort Leavenworth X X X   X         Fort Lee X X X             Fort Leonard Wood X X X             Fort Lewis   X   X           Fort McClellan   X X   X X X   X Fort McCoy                   Fort McNair                   Fort Meade X X               Fort Monmouth X X X             Fort Richardson X X X     X       Fort Riley X X X   X         Fort Ritchie X X               Fort Rucker   X X             Fort Sam Houston                   Fort Shafter X X X             Fort Stewart   X               Fort Story X                 Fort Wainwright X X   X           Fort Wingate Depot Activity           X X X X Haines Pipeline X     X           Hamilton Army Airfield         X         Hawthorne Army Depot X X       X X X X

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation Installation Chlorinated Solvents Explosives PCE TCE cis-1,2-DCEa 1,2-DCA TCAb DNT TNT HMX RDX Holston AAP               X   Hunter Army Airfield X X X   X         Indiana AAP X X     X X       Iowa AAP X X X   X X X X X Jefferson Proving Ground         X         Joliet AAP       X X X X     Kansas AAP       X X   X X X Kelly Support Facility         X         Kunia Field Station                   Lake City AAP X X X X           Letterkenny Army Depot X X X X X   X X   Lincoln AMSA X X               Lone Star AAP   X   X     X   X Longhorn AAP   X   X X X X     Los Alamitos Armed Forces X X X X           LTA, Marion ENGR Depot   X X             McAlester AAP   X               Middletown USARC   X               Milan AAP             X X   Military Ocean TML Sunny Point     X             Newport Chem Depot X X X     X X X X NTC and Fort Irwin X X   X X X X X X Oakland Army Base X X X             Papago Military Reservation X                 Phoenix Military Reservation   X              

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation Picatinny Arsenal X X   X X X X X X Presidio of Monterey   X           X X Pueblo Chemical Depot X X X X X X X X X Radford AAP X X     X X X X   Ravenna AAP           X X X X Red River Army Depot X X X X X         Redstone Arsenal   X       X   X X Rock Island Arsenal     X X           Rocky Mountain Arsenal   X               Sacramento Army Depot   X               Savannah Depot Activity X X   X   X X X X Seneca Army Depot Activity X X X       X     Sierra Army Depot   X   X     X     Soldier Systems Center X X     X         Stratford Army Engine Plant X X     X         Sunflower AAP   X               Tacony Warehouse X X               Tarheel Army Missile Plant X X X             Tobyhanna Army Depot X                 Tooele Army Depot   X     X   X     Twin Cities AAP   X   X X         Umatilla Chem Depot           X X     USARC Fort Nathaniel Greene                   USARC Kings Mills   X               Vint Hill Farms Station X X               Volunteer AAP           X X     Walter Reed Army Medical                   Watervliet Arsenal X X X   X         White Sands Missile Range   X   X X X       Yakima Training Center   X               Yuma Proving Ground           X      

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Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation Installation Chlorinated Solvents Explosives PCE TCE cis-1,2-DCEa 1,2-DCA TCAb DNT TNT HMX RDX Totals 51 74 32 24 35 26 30 19 14 Percentage of all installations with this contaminant 37 54 23 1 25 19 22 14 10 Number of BRAC installations: 23 Number of active installations: 115 Total number of installations: 138 aDoes not include other DCE isomers. bIncludes 1,1,1-TCA and 1,1,2-TCA SOURCE: Compiled by Laurie Haines, Army Environmental Center.