4

 

OBJECTIVES FOR SOURCE REMEDIATION

 

125

   

 Formulating Objectives,

 

127

   

 Commonly Used Objectives,

 

130

   

 Existing Frameworks, Their Objectives, and Associated Metrics,

 

159

   

 Conclusions and Recommendations,

 

173

   

 References,

 

174

5

 

SOURCE REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGY OPTIONS

 

178

   

 Conventional Technologies,

 

180

   

 Extraction Technologies,

 

187

   

 Chemical Transformation Technologies,

 

206

   

 Soil Heating Technologies,

 

223

   

 Biological Technologies,

 

250

   

 Integration of Technologies,

 

269

   

 Comparison of Technologies,

 

273

   

 Explosives Removal Technologies,

 

288

   

 Technology Cost Considerations,

 

291

   

 Conclusions and Recommendations,

 

292

   

 References,

 

295

6

 

ELEMENTS OF A DECISION PROTOCOL FOR SOURCE REMEDIATION

 

306

   

 Review Existing Site Data and Preliminary Site Conceptual Model,

 

311

   

 Identify Absolute Objectives,

 

311

   

 Identify Functional Objectives and Performance Metrics,

 

312

   

 Identify Potential Technologies,

 

319

   

 Select Among Technologies and Refine Metrics,

 

324

   

 Design and Implement Chosen Technology,

 

329

   

 Conclusions and Recommendations,

 

330

   

 References,

 

332

 

 

APPENDIXES

 

 

A

 

Tables on Contaminants at Army and Other Facilities

 

335

B

 

Abbreviations and Acronyms

 

349

C

 

Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and NRC Staff

 

352



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement