Appendix B
Acronyms


AIM

Acoustic Integration Model

ATOC

Acoustic Thermometry of the Ocean Climate


CEE

Controlled Exposure Experiment


ESA

Endangered Species Act

ESME

Effects of Sound on the Marine Environment


FWS

US Fish and Wildlife Service


GIS

Geographic Information System


IBM

Individual-Based Model


LFA

Low-Frequency Active


MMPA

Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972

MNPL

Maximum Net Productivity Level


NCEAS

National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis

NEPA

National Environmental Policy Act of 1969

NMFS

National Marine Fisheries Service

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration



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Marine Mammal Populations and Ocean Noise: Determining When Noise Causes Biologically Significant Effects Appendix B Acronyms AIM Acoustic Integration Model ATOC Acoustic Thermometry of the Ocean Climate CEE Controlled Exposure Experiment ESA Endangered Species Act ESME Effects of Sound on the Marine Environment FWS US Fish and Wildlife Service GIS Geographic Information System IBM Individual-Based Model LFA Low-Frequency Active MMPA Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 MNPL Maximum Net Productivity Level NCEAS National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis NEPA National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 NMFS National Marine Fisheries Service NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Marine Mammal Populations and Ocean Noise: Determining When Noise Causes Biologically Significant Effects NRC National Research Council ONR Office of Naval Research OSP Optimum Sustainable Population PBR Potential Biological Removal PCAD Population Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance PTS Permanent Threshold Shift SPAWAR Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center SURTASS Surveillance Towed Array Sensor System TTS Temporary Threshold Shift