Libraries,

 

142

   

 Applications Software,

 

142

   

 Reliability and Fault Tolerance,

 

145

   

 Performance Estimation,

 

146

   

 Performance Benchmarks,

 

146

   

 Performance Monitoring,

 

148

   

 Performance Modeling and Simulation,

 

148

   

 Performance Estimation and the Procurement Process,

 

150

   

 The Imperative to Innovate and Barriers to Innovation,

 

151

   

 Systems Issues,

 

151

   

 Issues for Algorithms,

 

153

   

 An Example from Computational Fluid Dynamics,

 

154

   

 Software Issues,

 

155

6

 

SUPERCOMPUTING INFRASTRUCTURES AND INSTITUTIONS

 

157

   

 Supercomputing Ecosystem Creation and Maintenance,

 

161

   

 How Ecosystems Get Established,

 

162

   

 Potential Barriers for New Ecosystems,

 

166

   

 Ecosystem Workforce,

 

170

   

 Consumer Institutions,

 

174

   

 Supercomputing Centers,

 

174

   

 Industrial Supercomputing,

 

176

7

 

SUPERCOMPUTING ABROAD

 

180

   

 Japan,

 

182

   

 Similarities,

 

182

   

 Differences,

 

183

   

 The Earth Simulator,

 

183

   

 Other Japanese Centers,

 

187

   

 China,

 

188

   

 Europe,

 

189

   

 United Kingdom,

 

189

   

 Germany,

 

190

   

 France,

 

190

   

 Spain,

 

191

   

 Application Software,

 

191

8

 

A POLICY FRAMEWORK

 

192

   

 The Government as the Leading User and Purchaser of Supercomputer Technology,

 

193

   

 Supercomputer Technology Investments as Public Goods,

 

194

   

 Potential Costs of Government Intervention,

 

195



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement