C
Convocation Program and Speakers Biographies

WELCOME

Welcome to the National Academies’ Convocation on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research.

The purpose of this convocation is to better understand the concerns of funding organizations, university administrators, faculty, researchers, and students regarding interdisciplinary research and to identify effective practices and structural models, policies, and procedures that could help facilitate interdisciplinary research. The convocation consists of four elements:

  • A series of panel discussions with federal, private, and international funding organizations, researchers, research center directors, and educators.

  • Poster sessions where attendees can share their experiences.

  • A public comment session.

  • A survey of convocation participants.

The discussions during these activities will help the committee respond to its charge. We encourage you to fully participate in the convocation and we look forward to hearing your ideas.

Thank you again for coming!



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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research C Convocation Program and Speakers Biographies WELCOME Welcome to the National Academies’ Convocation on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research. The purpose of this convocation is to better understand the concerns of funding organizations, university administrators, faculty, researchers, and students regarding interdisciplinary research and to identify effective practices and structural models, policies, and procedures that could help facilitate interdisciplinary research. The convocation consists of four elements: A series of panel discussions with federal, private, and international funding organizations, researchers, research center directors, and educators. Poster sessions where attendees can share their experiences. A public comment session. A survey of convocation participants. The discussions during these activities will help the committee respond to its charge. We encourage you to fully participate in the convocation and we look forward to hearing your ideas. Thank you again for coming!

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND PUBLIC POLICY MAXINE F. SINGER (Chair), President Emeritus, Carnegie Institution of Washington BRUCE ALBERTS (Ex-officio), President, The National Academies R. JAMES COOK, R. James Cook Endowed Chair in Wheat Research, Washington State University HAILE DEBAS, Dean, School of Medicine and Vice Chancellor, Medical Affairs, University of California, San Francisco GERALD DINNEEN (Ex-officio), Retired Vice President, Science and Technology, Honeywell, Inc. HARVEY FINEBERG (Ex-officio), President, Institute of Medicine MARYE ANNE FOX (Ex-officio), Chancellor, University of California, San Diego ELSA GARMIRE, Sydney E. Junkins Professor of Engineering, Dartmouth College NANCY HOPKINS, Amgen Professor of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology WILLIAM JOYCE (Ex-officio), Chairman and CEO, Hercules Incorporated MARY-CLAIRE KING, American Cancer Society Professor of Medicine and Genetics, University of Washington W. CARL LINEBERGER, Professor of Chemistry, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, University of Colorado ANNE PETERSEN, Senior Vice President for Programs, W.K. Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, Michigan CECIL PICKETT, President, Schering-Plough Research Institute GERALD RUBIN, Vice President for Biomedical Research, Howard Hughes Medical Institute HUGO SONNENSCHEIN, Charles L. Hutchinson Distinguished Service Professor, Department of Economics, The University of Chicago JOHN D. STOBO, President, University of Texas Medical Branch of Galveston IRVING WEISSMAN, Karel and Avice Beekhuis Professor of Cancer Biology, Stanford University SHEILA WIDNALL, Abbey Rockefeller Mauze Professor of Aeronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology WM. A. WULF (Ex-officio), President, National Academy of Engineering MARY LOU ZOBACK, Senior Research Scientist, Earthquake Hazards Team, U.S. Geological Survey

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Staff RICHARD BISSELL, Executive Director DEBORAH D. STINE, Associate Director LAUREL HAAK, Program Officer MARION RAMSEY, Administrative Associate ABOUT THE COMMITTEE ON FACILITATING INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH As part of the National Academies Keck Futures Initiative, the National Academies—under the aegis of the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy—launched a study to examine how funding organizations and academic institutions can best facilitate interdisciplinary research. The study is funded by the W. M. Keck Foundation. Charge to the Committee The committee conducting this study will examine the scope of interdisciplinary research and provide findings, conclusions, and recommendations as to how such research can be facilitated by funding organizations and academic institutions. The committee will recognize in its deliberations that the organization of research in academic institutions is driven by teaching and other considerations The Committee on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research is charged with: Reviewing proposed definitions of interdisciplinary research, including similarities and differences from research characterized as cross-disciplinary, interdisciplinary, and multi-disciplinary and develop measures to determine whether research is interdisciplinary or not. Identifying and analyzing current structural models of interdisciplinary research. Identifying and analyzing the policies and procedures of Congress, funding organizations, and institutions that encourage or discourage interdisciplinary research. Comparing and contrasting current structural models and policies and procedures in academic and non-academic settings as well as traditional and non-traditional academic settings that encourage or discourage interdisciplinary research. Identifying measures that can be used to evaluate the impact on research, graduate students and postdoctoral scholars, and researchers expected from their engagement in greater interdisciplinary research and cross-professional opportunities.

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Developing findings and conclusions as to the current state of interdisciplinary research and the factors that encourage (or discourage) it in academic, industry, and federal laboratory settings. Providing recommendations to academic institutions and public and private sponsors of research as to how to better stimulate and support interdisciplinary research. For More Information Web site: nationalacademies.org/interdisciplinary E-mail: interdisciplinary@nas.edu ABOUT THE W. M. KECK FOUNDATION Based in Los Angeles, California, the W. M. Keck Foundation was established in 1954 by the late W. M. Keck, founder of the Superior Oil Company. The Foundation’s grant making is focused primarily on pioneering efforts in the areas of medical research, science, and engineering. The foundation also maintains a Southern California Grant Program that provides support in the areas of civic and community services with a special emphasis on children. In May 2003, the National Academies and W. M. Keck Foundation announced a 15-year, $40 million grant from the Keck Foundation to underwrite the “National Academies Keck Futures Initiative,” a new program designed to realize the untapped potential of interdisciplinary research. The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative was created to stimulate new modes of inquiry and break down the conceptual and institutional barriers to interdisciplinary research that could yield significant benefits to science and society.

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research CONTENTS Page      Agenda   227      Speaker Biographical Information   231      Represented Organizations   244 CONVOCATION GUIDELINES Questions: We expect over 300 attendees at the convocation. So that everyone has a chance to ask their questions and provide their comments, we ask that you limit your time at the microphone to one minute. A timing device will be used to ensure we are fair to everyone. When you ask a question or make a comment please state your name and affiliation. Survey: Before you leave we ask you to fill out the survey enclosed in this program and drop it in the box located at the front registration desk. Information from this survey will be used only in aggregate form as part of the committee’s data collection efforts. Lunch: Box lunches will be available in the Great Hall directly outside the auditorium. Please take your lunch to one of the following meeting rooms to enjoy. See map below. Floor 1:150, 180, Board Room, and Lecture Room Floor 2:250 and 280 Committee members and speakers are invited to take meals in the Members’ Room located on the first floor. Cell phones: Please either turn off cell phones or place on “vibrate” mode. Messages can be left at (202) 334-1613.

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research The National Academies Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy Committee on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research CONVOCATION ON FACILITATING INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH January 29-30, 2004 National Academy of Sciences Building 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, D.C. AGENDA Thursday, January 29, 2004 9 AM Opening Remarks Nancy Andreasen, Co-Chair, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research 9:15 Federal Research Funding Agency Perspectives on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Moderator: Mary Lou Zoback, Member, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Rita Colwell, Director, National Science Foundation Ray Orbach, Director, Office of Science, Department of Energy William Berry, Director, Basic Research, ODUSD, Department of Defense Lawrence Tabak, Director, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institute of Health Cliff Gabriel, Deputy Associate Director, Science Division, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research 10:45 Break 11:00 Private and International Foundation Perspectives on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Moderator: Jonathan Cole, Member, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Maria Pellegrini, Program Director for Science, Engineering, and Liberal Arts, W. M. Keck Foundation Robert Granger, President, William T. Grant Foundation Laurie Garduque, Program Director for Research, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Barry Gold, Program Officer, Conservation and Science, The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Carmen Charette, Senior Vice President, Canada Foundation for Innovation Anthony Armstrong, Director, Indiana 21st Century Research & Technology Fund 12:30 PM Lunch 1:30 Interdisciplinary Researchers’ Perspectives on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Moderator: Stan Cohen, Member, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research F. Sherwood Rowland, Bren Research Professor, Chemistry and Earth System Science, University of California at Irvine Joel Cohen, Abby Rockefeller Mauzé Professor, Laboratory of Populations, Rockefeller University and Columbia University Lee Magid, Professor, Chemistry, University of Tennessee, and Acting Director, Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences, UT and Oak Ridge National Laboratory Diana Rhoten, Program Officer, Social Science Research Council Feniosky Peña-Mora, Associate Professor of Construction Management and Information Technology William E. O’Neil Faculty Scholar, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Victoria Interrante, Assistant Professor, Computer Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research 3:00 Break 3:15 Research Center Directors’ Perspectives on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Moderator: Mario Molina, Member, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Harvey Cohen, Professor, Pediatrics, Stanford School of Medicine, and Chair, The Interdisciplinary Initiatives Committee, Bio-X, Stanford University Catherine Ross, Director, Center for Quality Growth, Georgia Tech Pierre Wiltzius, Director, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, and Professor, Materials Science and Engineering Department and Physics Department University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Uma Chowdhry, Vice President, Central Research and Development, DuPont Jeffrey Wadsworth, Director, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Ruzena Bajcsy, Director, Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society, University of California, Berkeley 4:45 Break 5-6:00 PM Plenary Discussion Moderator: Nancy Andreasen, Co-Chair, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Discussant: Julie Thompson Klein, Professor of Humanities, Wayne State University 6-7:00 PM Poster Session Friday, January 30, 2004 9:00 AM Welcome Theodore Brown, Co-Chair, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research   Perspectives on Education and Training: Creating a New Generation of Interdisciplinary Researchers Moderator: Jennifer Chayes, Member, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research   Marye Anne Carroll, Professor, Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Space Sciences; Professor, Chemistry; Director, Program for Research on Oxidants: Photochemistry, Emissions, and Transport (PROPHET); Director, Biosphere—Atmosphere Research and Training (BART), University of Michigan Edward Miles, Professor of Marine Studies and Public Affairs, University of Washington Alice Gottlieb, Professor of Medicine and Director of the Clinical Research Center, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry New Jersey James Collins, Ullman Professor of Biology, Arizona State University Julio de Paula, Professor of Chemistry, Haverford College 10:45 Break 11:00 Plenary Discussion Moderator: Theodore Brown, Co-Chair, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research 11:45 Closing Comments 12:00 Adjourn Copies of the PowerPoint presentations will be available shortly after the Convocation at http://www.nationalacademies.org/interdisciplinary

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research SPEAKERS BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ANTHONY ARMSTRONG is the Director of the Indiana 21st Century Research and Technology Fund. Prior to joining the Fund, Dr. Armstrong served in the Office of Technology Transfer with Indiana University’s Advanced Research and Technology Institute (ARTI). Dr. Armstrong’s focus was on the commercialization of innovations from the IU School of Medicine, and with corporate relations on behalf of IU. He was Director of Research with the IU School of Business Johnson Center for Entrepreneurship and Innovation prior to joining ARTI. Dr. Armstrong earned business and law degrees from Indiana University. RUZENA BAJCSY was appointed Director CITRIS (Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society) at the University of California, Berkeley in 2001, where she is also a faculty member in the EECS Department. Prior to coming to Berkeley, she was Assistant Director of the Computer Information Science and Engineering Directorate (CISE) at NSF from 1998 to 2001. Dr. Bajcsy is a pioneering researcher in machine perception, robotics and artificial intelligence. She is former Director of the University of Pennsylvania’s General Robotics Automation Sensing Perception Laboratory, which she founded in 1978. She received her master’s and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Slovak Technical University in 1957 and 1967, respectively. She received a Ph.D. in computer science in 1972 from Stanford University. Dr. Bajcsy holds membership in the National Academy of Engineering, the Neuroscience Institute, and the Institute of Medicine. In 2001 she became a recipient of the ACM A. Newell award. She was named to Discover Magazine’s November 2002’s list of the 50 most important women in science. In April of 2003 she received the CRA Distinguished Service Award and in May 2003 she was named to PITAC (the President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee). WILLIAM BERRY is the Director for Basic Research of the Military Services and Defense Agencies. He provides scientific leadership, management oversight, policy guidance and coordination of the $1.2 billion yearly basic research programs. Dr. Berry began his association with the Department of Defense as a National Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow at the Air Force Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory in 1976. Immediately prior

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research American Colleges and Universities national task force on Integrative Learning. LINDA J. (LEE) MAGID is a Professor of Chemistry at the University of Tennessee. Her research focuses on physiochemical investigations of micelles and polyelectrolytes in aqueous solutions; techniques used include light scattering, small-angle neutron scattering, neutron spin-echo spectroscopy and NMR spectroscopy. She has served as Vice-President for Research and Graduate Studies at the University of Kentucky and is currently UT’s ORNL/SNS Liaison for Science & Technology and the Acting Director of the UT/ORNL Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences. She has a B.S. in chemistry from Rice University and a Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Tennessee. She is a Fellow of AAAS. Currently she is a member of the NRC Board on Physics and Astronomy and serves as vice-chair of the Solid State Sciences Committee. In addition, she serves on the Board on Assessment of NIST Programs’ subpanel on the NIST Center for Neutron Research, and on the U.S. National Committee to the IUPAC. She also served on the Committee on Developing a Federal Materials Strategy. EDWARD L. MILES is the author of many studies on international organizations, international science and technology policy, and marine policy and ocean management. He has served as chairman of the Ocean Policy Committee, National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (1974-79); member of the Executive Board, Law of the Sea Institute, 1972-81 and 1985-89 and President 1989-93; Chairman of the Legal and Institutional Task Group on the Implications of Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste into the Seabed and Advisor to the Executive Committee, Seabed Working Group, Nuclear Energy Agency, OCED, 1981-1987; and Chairman of the Advisory Committee on International Programs of the National Science Foundation, 1990-92. He has also served as consultant to the United Nations, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of Unesco, Dept. of Fisheries of FAO, and the South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency. In April 1993 he served as the UN-designated expert on GESAMP, the Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection and in 1994 he was appointed Lead Author for Marine Policy in WG II-B (Oceans and Large Lakes) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 1995, Re-assessment of the Global Climate Change Problem. Within the University of Washington, he has served as Director of the School of Marine Affairs (1982-1993), Chairman of the University Committee on Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education (1991-1992), and a member of the University’s Steering Committee on Global Change (since 1992), and chairman of the President’s Task Force on Environmental Education, 1995-1996. He was elected to membership in the NAS on April 29, 2003.

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research RAYMOND L. ORBACH is the Director of the Office of Science at the Department of Energy (DOE). As Director of the Office of Science (SC), Dr. Orbach manages an organization that is the third largest Federal sponsor of basic research in the United States which is viewed as one of the premier science organizations in the world. Prior to his appointment, Dr. Orbach served as Chancellor of the University of California at Riverside from April 1992 through March 2002; he now holds the title Chancellor Emeritus. Dr. Orbach began his academic career as a postdoctoral fellow at Oxford University in 1960 and became an assistant professor of applied physics at Harvard University in 1961. He joined the faculty of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) two years later as an associate professor, and became a full professor in 1966. From 1982 to 1992, he served as the Provost of the College of Letters and Science at UCLA. Dr. Orbach has received numerous honors as a scholar including two Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowships, a National Science Foundation Senior Postdoctoral Fellowship, a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship, the Joliot Curie Professorship at the Ecole Superieure de Physique et Chimie Industrielle de la Ville de Paris, the Lorentz Professorship at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands, and the 1991-1992 Andrew Lawson Memorial Lecturer at UC Riverside. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and the AAAS. Dr. Orbach received his B.S. degree in Physics from the California Institute of Technology in 1956. He received his Ph.D. degree in Physics from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1960 and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. JULIO DE PAULA is Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Marian E. Koshland Integrated Natural Sciences Center at Haverford. He is the recipient of the Henry Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award, a national honor bestowed on chemists who have excelled at both teaching and research. Funding for his research comes from the National Science Foundation. He has focused his years of research on the molecular interactions responsible for plant photosynthesis and on novel laser-based tumor treatments. He obtained his B.A. degree in Chemistry from Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey in 1982, and received a Ph.D. in Chemistry from Yale University in 1987. He was a recipient of an NIH Postdoctoral Fellowship in 1988 to conduct research at Michigan State University. He joined the Haverford faculty in 1989. Dr. Paula is the co-author of the Seventh Edition of “Physical Chemistry” with Peter Atkins, Oxford University. MARIA PELLEGRINI joined the W. M. Keck Foundation as Program Director for Science, Engineering and Liberal Arts in February of 1998. She was Dean of Research in the College of Letters, Arts and Sciences at the University of Southern California from 1994 to 1998. Dr. Pellegrini was

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Professor of Biological Sciences at USC from 1977 to 1998, serving as department chair from 1988 to 1993. She has taught a variety of courses in molecular biology and biochemistry at the undergraduate and graduate levels. Her research interests included studies of the structure-function relationships within ribosomes, the regulation of ribosomal gene expression, and, recently, work on genes that are important in human production. She has co-authored over 50 scientific journal articles and review chapters including an Institute for Scientific Information “citation classic.” Dr. Pellegrini was the recipient of an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship and a Dreyfus Foundation Teacher-Scholar Award. She has received numerous research and training grants from the National Institutes of Health. She has served on National Institutes of Health, California Breast Cancer Research Council and American Cancer Society grant review panels. She received her B.A. degree in chemistry from Connecticut College in 1969 and her Ph.D. in chemistry from Columbia University in 1974 followed by postdoctoral fellowships at Caltech and UC Irvine. FENIOSKY PEÑA-MORA is currently an O’Neil Faculty Scholar and Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Peña-Mora was previously an Associate Professor of Information Technology and Project Management in the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department’s Intelligent Engineering Systems Group at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His current research interests are in information technology support for collaboration, change management, conflict resolution, and process integration during design and development of large-scale civil engineering systems. He is the author of publications on computer-supported design, computer-supported engineering design and construction, project control and management of large-scale engineering systems. One of his publications received the 1995 award for best paper published in the ASCE Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. Another of his publications is the textbook entitled “Introduction to Construction Dispute Resolution.” He is also holder of a 1999 NSF CAREER Award and a 2000 White House PECASE (Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers) Award. He is an Associate Editor for the ASCE Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering and the ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. DIANA RHOTEN is a program office for the Social Science Research Council. She has a Ph.D. in Social Sciences, Policy, and Educational Practice and an M.A. in Organizational Sociology from Stanford University, as well as an M.Ed. in International Development Education from Harvard University. From 2001 to 2003, Dr. Rhoten served as an assistant professor

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research at the Stanford University School of Education where she taught courses in international education development and interdisciplinary research methods. At this time, Dr. Rhoten was also the research director of the Hybrid Vigor Institute and the principal investigator of the Institute’s NSF-funded study on interdisciplinary research networks and methods. In addition to analyzing interdisciplinary research organizations, Dr. Rhoten also studies cross-programmatic strategies in philanthropy. CATHERINE ROSS is the Georgia Tech College of Architecture’s first endowed faculty member—the Harry West Chair for Quality Growth and Regional Development. In this role, Dr. Ross directs a center that examines key issues of land use, community design, transportation and air quality throughout the Atlanta region and beyond. She grew up in Ohio, graduated from Kent State University, and received her Ph.D. in Urban and Regional Planning at Cornell University. She did post-doctorate work at the University of California at Berkeley. In addition, Ross founded a consulting company that has conducted research for numerous government transportation agencies, and has been published extensively in the fields of urban planning, transportation planning and public participation. Dr. Ross has served as senior policy advisor at the National Academy of Sciences Transportation Research Board and vice provost for academic affairs at Georgia Tech. She is past president of the National Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning and was recently appointed to the national advisory board of the Women’s Transportation Seminar. She also serves as vice chair of the Atlanta Development Authority. F. SHERWOOD ROWLAND is a specialist in atmospheric chemistry and radiochemistry, and was, with colleague Mario Molina, the first scientist to warn that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) released into the atmosphere were depleting the earth’s critical ozone layer. Dr. Rowland arrived at the University of California, Irvine, in 1964 as the first chair of the Department of Chemistry. He previously held faculty positions at Princeton University and the University of Kansas. He holds a bachelor’s degree from Ohio Wesleyan University, a master’s and a doctorate from the University of Chicago, and a number of honorary degrees from universities in the United States and the United Kingdom. Rowland is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. During 1991–1993, he served successive one-year terms as President-Elect, President, and Chairman of the Board of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Rowland was awarded the American Chemical Society 1993 Peter Debye Medal in Physical Chemistry, and the 1994 Roger Revelle Medal from the American Geophysical Union. In 1995, he shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Mario Molina and Paul Crutzen.

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research LAWRENCE A. TABAK is the director of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR). The former director of the Center for Oral Biology, Aab Institute, at the University of Rochester in New York, Dr. Tabak also served as senior associate dean for research at the School of Medicine and Dentistry. While at Rochester, he oversaw a number of interdisciplinary research groups studying the molecular and genetic aspects of craniofacial-oral-dental conditions. He also directed graduate research training programs at the university and held professorships in dentistry and biochemistry and biophysics. Dr. Tabak has also served in various official capacities in a number of professional organizations, including the International/American Association for Dental Research, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Society for Glycobiology. He has received numerous honors and awards for his work, including being named a fellow of the AAAS and most recently, his election to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. A native of Brooklyn, New York, Dr. Tabak received his undergraduate degree from City College of the City University of New York, his D.D.S. from Columbia University, and both a Ph.D. and certificate of proficiency in endodontics from the State University of New York at Buffalo. JEFFREY WADSWORTH is the director of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the largest multipurpose laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), with 3,800 staff members and an annual budget of $1 billion. He is also a corporate officer of Battelle Memorial Institute, in Columbus, Ohio, where he is senior vice president for DOE Science Programs. He joined Battelle in August 2002 and was a member of the White House Transition Planning Office for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. He previously served as Deputy Director for Science and Technology at DOE’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, as well as Associate Director for Chemistry and Materials Science at that laboratory. Dr. Wadsworth holds B.S., Ph.D., and D. Met. degrees in metallurgy from the University of Sheffield in England. He is a Fellow of the American Society for Metals and the Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society. In 2003, he was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in recognition of “distinguished contributions in developing advanced materials and superplasticity, and in determining the history and origins of Damascus and other steels, and for broad scientific leadership supporting national security.” PIERRE WILTZIUS is director of the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology; a professor in both the Department of Materials Science and Engineering and the Department of Physics; and a full-time Beckman Institute faculty member in the Nanoelectronics and Biophotonics

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Group. His fields of professional interest are soft-condensed matter, colloidal self-assembly, photonic crystals and microphotonics. Pierre Wiltzius received his Ph.D. in physics from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETHZ), Zurich, Switzerland in 1981. He was at Bell Laboratories (Lucent Technologies, formerly AT&T) between 1984 and 2001, where he was most recently the Director of Semiconductor Physics Research. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society; a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; a Senior Member of the IEEE; and a recipient of a NATO Fellowship. Interdisciplinary research has been central to his professional career. His Ph.D. thesis was on aspects of blood coagulation and was the result of a collaboration between physicists and clinical physicians.

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research REPRESENTED ORGANIZATIONS The following organizations are represented at the Convocation on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research. Aerospace Corporation Abt Associates, Inc. Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy American Chemical Society American College of Radiology American Health Information Management Association American Institute of Biological Sciences American Institute of Physics American Mathematical Society American Museum of Natural History American Psychological Association American Psychological Society American Society of Cell Biology American Society of Plant Biologists American Sociological Association Arizona State University Arnold & Porter ASHP Research & Education Foundation Association of American Geographers Atlantic Philanthropies (USA) Baltimore City Public Schools Bar-Ilan University BART IGERT: Biosphere-Atmosphere Research and Training Program Biophysical Society Brookhaven National Laboratory Buffalo State College Burroughs Wellcome Fund California State University Program for Education and Research in Biotechnology Canadian Institute for Advanced Research Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Contemporary Communications, Inc. Cornell University Council on Undergraduate Research Des Moines University Duke Center for Environmental Solutions Duke University Ecological Society of America Embassy of France Embassy of Switzerland EnTech Strategies, LLC Environment Canada Experimental Program to Stimulate Experimental Research Foundation Faculty Career and Diversity Consultant Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Flattau Associates, LLC Florida A & M University Food and Drug Administration Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center George Washington University Georgia Institute of Technology Graduate Partnerships Program Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh Gulf Coast Consortia Harvard University Health Resources and Services Administration House Resources Committee Howard Hughes Medical Institute Howard University Independent Consultant Industry-University Cooperative Research Program Institute for Prevention Research James Madison University JMW Associates John Templeton Foundation Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health Land Information and Computer Graphics Facility Lewis-Burke Associates Lincoln University of Pennsylvania Louisiana Tech University Mathematical Association of America McGeary and Smith Medical College of Georgia Michigan State University

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Montclair State University Mouvement Burkinabè d’Ecologie National Aeronautics Space Administration Marshall Space Flight Center National Cancer Institute National Education Knowledge Industry Association National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering National Institute of Mental Health National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute on Drug Abuse National Institutes of Health National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada National Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering/National Institutes of Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute National Institute of Mental Health National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/OAR Northern Arizona University Northwestern University National Science Foundation Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center/Ohio State University Ohio State University Office of Management and Budget Office of Naval Research Global Office of Science & Technology Policy Office of the Director, NIH Office of Translational Research & Scientific Technology Oklahoma State University Orthotic and Prosthetic Assistance Fund, Inc. Paralyzed Veterans of America Pennsylvania State University Potomac College Purdue University Research for Better Schools Rutgers University Sandia National Laboratories SETI Institute Social Science Research Council Society for Women’s Health Research Southern Illinois University Carbondale Stony Brook University

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research Syracuse University Technology Policy and Assessment Center TechVision21 Texas Tech University Thomas Jefferson University University of Maryland—Baltimore Campus UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School Uniformed Services University University of Nebraska Medical Center University at Buffalo University of California University of California, Los Angeles University of California, Davis University of California, Irvine University of Cincinnati University of Colorado University of Florida University of Georgia University of Kansas University of Massachusetts, Lowell University of Michigan University of Nebraska, Lincoln University of New Mexico University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of North Carolina at Greensboro University of North Dakota University of Oklahoma, Tulsa Graduate College University of Oregon University of Pittsburgh University of the Philippines Baguio University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee U.S. Department of Agriculture—Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service U.S. Department of Commerce U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Environmental Protection Agency U.S. State Department Utah Addiction Center University of Texas at Dallas University of Texas Medical Branch Vanderbilt University Vanderbilt University Medical Center Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research W. M. Keck Foundation Washington State University Washington University School of Medicine Water Environment Research Foundation Wind Hollow Foundation Women in International Security Yale University School of Medicine